Caring for ornamental tobacco properly is not a big art in itself. You only have to consider a few important points so that the plants remain vigorous.
Ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana sanderae) is a popular plant that can be planted both in the bed and on the balcony. In a flower bed, however, the ornamental tobacco can better develop its blossom splendor. It is generally known for its beautiful, bright flowers and its enormous flowering power. The decorative tobacco is also available in different colors, so you can marvel at white, pink or pink flowers from May to October. Thanks to the high luminosity of the flowers, you can also recognize the decorative tobacco from a distance. The star-shaped flowers and lanceolate leaves are also typical. It grows to a maximum of 40 centimeters and requires relatively little maintenance.
By the way:
Decorative tobacco is not suitable for the manufacture of tobacco. It is just an ornamental plant.
The right location
Ornamental tobacco is planted in May. You should keep a distance of 40 centimeters between the plants. The plant generally likes it warm and sunny. The decorative tobacco thus needs a sunny or partially shaded location. The more sun the plant can enjoy, the more beautiful its flowers will be. In addition, the flowers stay open longer when the sun shines directly on the plant.
The decorative tobacco likes it moist, but not wet. The soil should therefore be well watered, but you must absolutely avoid waterlogging. You can do this with the help of garden compost. If you use compost or stable manure, it is guaranteed that the soil can store moisture for a long time. If you keep the ornamental tobacco in flower boxes, it is also important to ensure that there is always enough moisture. The decorative tobacco on the terrace is a particular pleasure, because it not only looks beautiful, but also spreads a wonderful fragrance.
Ornamental tobacco and other plants
The pretty ornamental plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, feels very comfortable in company. It doesn't matter whether you keep the decorative tobacco in the flower bed, on the balcony or on the terrace. The plant goes well with many different flowers, so you can plant it as a leading plant in the garden bed, but also as a background plant in window boxes.
Increase in ornamental tobacco
If you want to multiply the decorative tobacco, this can be done with little effort. Proceed as follows:
❶ Once the plant has flowered, you can remove the ripened seeds. Then store them in a dark, dry place from October to March.
❷ In March you can then put the seeds in a flowerpot. You should not cover the seeds with earth, because they are light germs. You need daylight to germinate.
❸ After about three weeks, the young plants have grown and can be transplanted into their own pots.
❹ After May you can plant the ornamental tobacco outdoors.
Pour ornamental tobacco properly
Ornamental tobacco is a summer plant that requires a lot of water. Daily watering is the be-all and end-all of care. Sometimes it is necessary to pour the ornamental tobacco more than once a day. This is very important, especially on hot summer days. The decorative tobacco always needs a moist floor, so you should make sure that the floor never dries out completely. However, this is not so easy, because you also have to avoid waterlogging.
You should generally water the plant from below. The leaves should not get any water, otherwise diseases could develop that could kill the plant.
How to fertilize ornamental tobacco properly
If you put the plants in the flower bed in May, you can use a slow-release fertilizer directly. The decorative tobacco has high demands when it comes to nutrient requirements. Regular fertilization is therefore just as important as daily water.
In the flower bed, you should work with a liquid compound fertilizer every week. The plants in the flower box, on the other hand, are somewhat more demanding. Here you can help out with fertilizer sticks. Simply change them every three months. In addition, however, you should still use a commercially available, liquid fertilizer.
No matter which fertilizer you want to use: you must never use fertilizer on a dry surface. The soil must always be wet, otherwise the roots could burn and the plant could die.
How to cut ornamental tobacco
The ornamental tobacco is a flower that basically only lives for one year. The summer plant blooms from May to October and then dies. You can then remove the entire plant from the bed. There is therefore no typical cut back. Nevertheless, you should make sure that you remove withered flowers regularly. If you want to grow seeds yourself, you can leave some withered flowers in place. These form a large number of seeds, which can, however, lead to a bloom stop, because as long as withered flowers are on the plant, no new flowers are reproduced.
If you want to create a bushy habit, you can trim the shoots a little. This ensures rapid growth. The ornamental plant becomes more blooming and the new shoots grow back more, which in turn leads to a broad growth of the plant.
This is how ornamental tobacco hibernates without damage
The ornamental tobacco can also be hibernated indoors in good conditions. To do this, dig out the plant in autumn and put it in a pot. The ornamental plant can then hibernate in a semi-dark place at around 10-15 ° C. During this time, you should reduce the watering very much so that the plant stops blooming and can hibernate. Nevertheless, you must pay attention to regular fertilization.
Wintering the ornamental tobacco in the house is relatively difficult, which is why many hobby gardeners let the plant bloom in October and buy new plants again in May. On the other hand, taking the seeds and growing plants yourself in March is very easy and is also carried out by many amateur gardeners.