The horseradish tree is a fast growing plant, the fruits of which are considered superfood. In this country it should only be cultivated in a bucket. You can find out why here.
The horseradish tree is an ancient plant whose roots can be found in the Himalayas. The Moringa family is widespread in the tropics and subtropics. In the wild, horseradish trees can reach heights of up to 20 meters. There are numerous valuable ingredients in the leaves of the crop. A skin care oil was obtained from the seeds of the Moringa tree in ancient Egypt.
Outdoor cultivation is not possible in our latitudes. The heat-loving plant would not survive winter. However, nothing stands in the way of cultivation in a bucket. There the horseradish tree proves to be easy to care for and easy to grow. The cornerstone for healthy growth of the crop is laid during planting.
The horseradish tree belongs to the Bennuss family. The plant, also known as a miracle tree, has roots reminiscent of horseradish. The cruciferous plants were once used as horseradish substitutes. The horseradish tree delights the hobby gardener with his joy in growing. In the first year of standing, the plants grow more than five meters in height. The trunk is comparatively short and can thicken like a bottle. The leaves appear increasingly at the tips of the branches and can be up to 25 centimeters long. The panicle flowers exude a violet-like fragrance. The capsule fruits are up to 90 centimeters long. The plant is also known as the drumstick tree.
When looking at the natural range of the horseradish tree it quickly becomes clear - the plant is not up to our harsh climate and can only be cultivated in a bucket. The original home of the Moringa is in the mountainous regions of the Himalayas, in northwest India. The plants are cultivated in the south of India. The distribution area of the horseradish tree today includes tropical and subtropical regions in Africa, Arabia, the Caribbean or Southeast Asia. A targeted cultivation has also started in Honduras and Niger. The horseradish tree is said to serve as a source of food and counter malnutrition.
Find the right location
The horseradish tree thrives in hot climates at altitudes of up to 1,500 meters. The plants love high humidity and prefer to thrive on sandy ground. However, Moringa is quite adaptable and also grows on rather heavy clay soils. Light frosts are coped with briefly. Permafrost cannot withstand the roots. The horseradish tree therefore loves the warmth and the full sun. The planter should be placed accordingly. Between May and September the plant can be placed on the balcony or terrace. Temperatures above 20 degrees are welcome.
" Tip: The horseradish tree can stand in full sun.
Young plants are more sensitive and should only be outdoors if the temperatures are permanently above 20 degrees. In the original environment, the ambient temperatures are between 25 and 45 degrees.
- full sun
- high humidity
Choose the ideal substrate
You are quite flexible in choosing the right substrate. A sandy and well-drained soil appears ideal. If the plants are placed in rather heavy clay soils, they don't really take it too badly. Then they just thrive a little more slowly.
" Tip: You can use cactus soil or mix commercial potting soil with expanded clay or grit.
The horseradish tree doesn't like to get wet feet. Therefore, the substrate should be well permeable to water. If the water accumulates in the planter, the roots are attacked and the plant is permanently damaged.
- well permeable
Planting horseradish tree - step by step
Auswählen Select planter
❷ Provide substrate
❸ Water the plant
Legen Lay drainage
❺ Fill in some substrate
Einsetzen Insert the plant
❼ Fill up with substrate
❽ Press the floor well
❾ Water the plant
❿ choose a suitable location
When selecting the planter, make sure that there are sufficient drainage holes in the floor. This is the only way for the irrigation water to drain off easily and does not accumulate in the planter. You can also specifically tackle waterlogging by creating a drainage. For this, gravel or clay granulate are laid out on the bottom of the vessel.
" Tip: You can also use crushed corks from wine bottles as drainage.
Before planting, dip the horseradish tree in a container with water that the roots can supply with moisture. If bubbles no longer rise, the plant can be removed from the water and planted. After planting, it is important to press the soil well and water the plant. Depending on the weather, the right location for the planter will now be found. The horseradish tree can spend the midsummer outdoors.
The planting of the horseradish tree at a glance
|Find location||Horseradish trees must be bright and warm.|
At temperatures above 20 degrees, the planter can be placed on a balcony or terrace.
For the colder season, a warm and bright stand must be found in the house.
|Select substrate||A loose sandy soil allows the plant to thrive particularly well.|
Moringa grows more slowly in heavier soils.
Cactus soil is well suited for this.
Garden soil should be mixed with gravel or expanded clay to make it more permeable.
|Make planting||The size of the planter should correspond to that of the vigorous plant.|
Pay special attention to the drainage holes for the irrigation water in the bottom of the vessel.
A drainage made of gravel or clay granulate protects against waterlogging.
After planting, the horseradish tree should be watered well.
Transplant the horseradish tree
Repotting is not necessary until the roots protrude through the planter. This is always a sign that the plant has rooted through the entire planter and thus requires more space. However, the new plant pot should only protrude its predecessor by a few centimeters in diameter, because the plant should concentrate on growth and not waste too much energy rooting through the planter. If you choose your planting pot too big so that you don't have to constantly repot it, you will achieve just that.
Moringa tolerates transplanting quite well. However, be careful not to injure the roots when repotting. The soil should be shaken off well from the root ball. The substrate in the planter wears out very quickly. The horseradish tree should be completely supplied with new substrate when transplanting.
Drainage made of clay or gravel also makes sense for the new planter. When transplanting it is also time to take a closer look at the plant. If the horseradish tree has developed well and the roots show no damage, the plant can be placed in the new substrate. Damaged branches or root sections should be removed.
" Tip: If you mix compost with the substrate, the horseradish tree receives a stable basic supply with long-term organic fertilizer.