The goose cress not only fits perfectly on the bed, but also excellently in the rock garden. Here's what you need to consider when planting.The goose cress (Arabis) belongs to the family of cruciferous plants. The mostly perennial plants form pretty upholstery and are therefore ideal for planting the rock garden. The early bloomer sets pretty accents in the bed with its white or red flower heads from April. There are numerous varieties on the market, which are also an ornament with their spotted foliage. Originally native to the Balkans and the Carpathians, the goose cress has adapted well to our climate and is considered easy to care for and undemanding. So that any maintenance errors are avoided right from the start, you should take the following tips and advice to heart and lay the foundation for healthy plant growth with planting.
Goose cress: plant description
The goose cress is usually a perennial. A few species are one or two years old. The plants have some things in common. The stems usually grow upright and have clear hair. The stems spring from a rosette, which has stemmed and unstemmed leaves. There are smooth and serrated leaf margins. A distinction is also made between smooth or hairy leaf tops. Four-petal flowers are formed with oval sepals. The petals have a length of about half a centimeter. The goose cress usually blooms white or red. However, there are also violet, blue or yellowish flowers. Up to 80 ovules can be present in the ovary. The flat pods have a net-like structure.
Plant goose cress - find the right location
The undemanding and vigorous plants are satisfied with almost any location. If you find a sunny location, the goose will thank you with a rich bloom. However, even partially shaded locations do not bother the plant and the goose cress also thrives in the shade without any problems. The plant is also an option for planting roof gardens or graves.
Choose the ideal substrate
If possible, goose cress should be planted in a well-drained soil. A fresh and not too nutritious substrate is ideal. The soil must not be too damp, as the plants cannot tolerate waterlogging. Even in places where you have not been lucky with lush vegetation, it is worth trying the goose cress.
The ideal substrate in brief:
Planting the goose cress - step by step
- Select location
- Prepare the soil
- Dig out the planting hole
- Note planting distance
- Insert the plant
- Fill in the substrate
- Press on the substrate
- Water the plant
A planting distance of 20 to 30 centimeters is ideal for group planting. Popular bed neighbors are blue pillows, gentians or ferns.
Can goose cress be cultivated in a bucket?
As an undemanding plant, goose cress is also suitable for container keeping. However, the maintenance effort is somewhat higher, because the plants only have a limited supply of nutrients in the tub. Container plants need to be watered more frequently and fertilized regularly.
Tip: When choosing the planter, make sure there are sufficient drainage holes for liquid in the soil.
When does the goose flower?
After planting, you will be eagerly awaiting the flowering of the goose cress. Most species bloom in April and the flowering period extends into May. However, there are exceptions, this is due to the rich biodiversity of the plant genus. The Caucasian goose opens its flowers in March. Alpine cress can bloom into autumn and some species bloom even in winter.
Tip: If the old inflorescences are removed regularly, the plant can be stimulated to bloom again.
What needs to be considered when transplanting the goose cress?
If it has passed a few years after planting, the goose cress may miss its lush bloom. It is time to rejuvenate the plant and move it to a new location. For this, you can take the goose cress out of the ground in spring or autumn. The root ball is now cleared of bald spots and rotten or dead root segments. If the plant is sufficiently developed, you can cut the root ball with a sharp knife and increase the goose cress. The individual root segments are then planted in a new location.
Is the goose cress poisonous?
When planting the goose cress, you do not have to be concerned that the plant will endanger children or pets. On the contrary, because the goose cress is edible. As the name suggests, the leaves taste cress-like. The taste is also reminiscent of arugula.
The flowers of the goose cress can serve as decoration for various dishes. It can be used to decorate salads, soups, cold plates or desserts. There is a lot of vitamin C in the leaves. The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of the plant parts are also valued.
Tip: The leaves are harvested before flowering.
As decoration, leaves and flowers of goose cress are always worth a recommendation. However, excessive consumption is not recommended. Unfortunately, there is hardly any information about how a high and regular consumption of the individual plant parts affects the body.