The plane tree is a popular deciduous tree with little maintenance. If you want to reproduce the gem, you should consider a few things in advance. Then nothing can go wrong.
If you have bought a plane tree (Platanus hispanica) and it is one of the top favorites in your own garden, it certainly makes sense to multiply it - either to plant large plots of land or to give the offspring to lovers of the deciduous tree. The common representatives of the plane tree are characterized by their leaves. They are similar to those of a maple tree and are just as easy to maintain. But can one also multiply the deciduous tree so easily? We tell you.
Important in advance
If you would like to multiply the popular deciduous tree in order to spread it out in your own garden or on the property and to plant it several times, you should know that every tree of this type requires a lot of space. Not only because the deciduous tree can grow up to 35 meters high, but above all because of the lush crown and the deep and strong spreading of its roots. If your own garden is rather small or you have many elements that can be damaged by the root system in the planting environment, you should rather do without another Platanus deciduous tree - even if it is still so pretty to look at.
Each Platanus deciduous tree also needs a sunny location and should not have to share it if possible. At the same time, young plane trees have to be supported for the winter, at least for the first two years outdoors. So if you plan to use several daughter plants at the same time, you have to plan significantly more effort for the wintering measures.
Reasons for propagating a plane tree
Of course there are many reasons that lead to the desire for the plane tree to multiply: from a certain age the tree provides a lot of shade through the lush crown, and due to its deep roots it is very stable in storms and strong winds. The biggest and most valued advantage of the deciduous tree for many gardeners, however, is that the tree becomes particularly easy to care for over the years. It no longer needs to be watered in adulthood because it pulls its moisture out of the ground with the help of the deep roots. Fertilization also no longer has to be done manually. There is nothing left to add even for the winter if the deciduous tree has already been outdoors for a few years. No wonder that tree lovers would like to plant several deciduous trees of this kind. But you should also know that a plane tree can cause a lot of work in autumn: During this time, it not only sheds its leaves, but also parts of the bark.
|✔ hardly needs any care in adulthood, since it takes care of itself||✖ does a lot of work in autumn with falling leaves and dropping the bark|
|✔ hibernates without problems||✖ needs a lot of space and deep earth to spread|
|✔ Maple-shaped leaves look very appealing in the lush crown||✖ needs a very sunny to partially shaded location|
|✔ has a very stable stand|
|✔ Leaves turn particularly beautiful in autumn|
As you can see, you have to weigh up the reasons for and against the propagation of the plane tree before you can start propagating - because if there are already some offshoots, you should already have a suitable location ready for them or know someone you are at they could give away. If there is enough space, it is definitely worth growing the deciduous tree, because its appearance makes up for every effort in autumn.
Multiply plane tree - explained step by step
Because the plane tree is a hybrid plant, its seeds in the inedible fruits are not really suitable for propagation - this can only be done with a few varieties of the plane tree. Therefore, the only thing left to do is propagate through so-called plywood, which is usually easy to do. Here's how:
❖ Step 1: Select plywood to propagate
In autumn the conditions are ideal for selecting and harvesting plywood on the tree. However, this should be done before the first very cold temperatures and frosty days, so that the propagation is also crowned with success. The shoot is selected that is at least one year old and already appears slightly woody and is separated from the tree with a length of 20 to 30 cm.
❖ Step 2: Remove the leaves from the bottom third of the stick
Any leaves or small secondary shoots in this third must be removed so that the stick can drive out roots.
❖ Step 3: Plant the stickwood
The plywood is now inserted into the substrate so that at most half of it protrudes from it. The ideal substrate is very sandy and not very nutritious. Now the plywood can be stored in the house to avoid frost.
❖ Step 4: keep moist
The plywood must always be kept moist.
❖ Step 5: Plant out stickwood
From March, if the frost is already over, the plywood can be wetted with rooting powder at the roots and planted in the garden or at the intended location. The upper part may only protrude from the ground by a maximum of five centimeters in order to grow well.
❖ Step 6: Keep the stick wood moist
The plywood should also be kept moist during this time, but without waterlogging. It is ideal to plant several sticks outdoors to increase the likelihood of successfully rooting a tree and to get the desired offshoot.
If the young tree should later come to a designated location that provides enough sun and space, planting can also be carried out in spring. It should be noted with the young pegs that have rooted out as a young tree that they need special protection in winter. For example, fleece and brushwood are needed to cover the young trees and also to protect their roots from frost. Only after a few years of life outdoors are the young trees really strong enough to struggle through in winter. In spring, fertilization is also important, which can be done with compost or slightly diluted liquid fertilizer. At a young age, the trees simply cannot extract enough water from the ground to absorb enough nutrients. Regular watering without causing waterlogging and the occasional application of fertilizer are recommended so that the plant can develop splendidly.