Like other vegetable crops, all cabbage varieties are divided into three large groups associated with the maturation of the crop. In accordance with this, there are early, medium and late-ripening cabbage. Vegetables with medium and late ripening periods are excellent for storage and processing (pickling, pickling, canning), but early cabbage is usually consumed in the form of fresh salads, added to summer stews and other seasonal dishes. Early ripe varieties have their own characteristics; this cabbage has both strengths and weaknesses.
The best varieties of early cabbage will be listed in this article, there are also reviews of gardeners about this culture, and the rules for its cultivation are described.
Characteristics and types of white vegetables
Early ripe cabbage has a very short ripening period - 90-110 days after planting the seeds, you can already cut off young heads of cabbage. Most varieties ripen in the first half of July. A feature of early varieties is a looser structure of the head of cabbage: the leaves of such cabbage are tender and juicy, and the core is dense and hard.
Crispy fresh cabbage is good for a summer salad rich in vitamins and minerals. But fragile watery leaves cannot be salted or pickled, the heads of such a vegetable are not stored for long, they quickly lose their attractive appearance.
Important! Reviews of gardeners also testify to the lesser resistance of early-maturing varieties to various diseases and pests.
There are not so many varieties of early cabbage as there are varieties with medium and late ripening periods (after all, these crops are more popular in the middle lane). The names of early maturing varieties and hybrids most popular in Russia will be given below.
An early hybrid intended for cultivation in southern regions and temperate climates. Heads of cabbage grow to medium size. Rinda's leaves are large, spreading, colored in a light green tint. The taste of this culture is very good.
Unlike most other early varieties, this cabbage can be stored for up to four months. But for this it is necessary to create suitable conditions: temperature at +8 degrees and constant moderate humidity.
In regions with very warm climates, Rindu is grown twice a year, repeating the sowing of the seeds immediately after the first harvest. Gardeners love this variety for its unpretentiousness and resistance to cool spring temperatures.
This early hybrid has a very high yield - for those who grow vegetables for sale, there is simply no better variety! The heads of cabbage are large, about the same - the weight of each head of cabbage is about 3.5 kg.
Tobia is not prone to overripe, its heads do not crack, the leaves do not lose crunchiness and taste. The taste characteristics of the hybrid are good. Tobia's heads of cabbage are smooth, aligned, shiny.
The structure of the head is dense, inside the cabbage has a yellowish-white tint, outside the head of cabbage is bright green. Hybrid cabbage can be stored, but not for long - about two months.
An ultra-early variety that gives the first harvests within 40-45 days after planting seedlings in the ground. This cabbage is very tasty, has a creamy white interior and a dense head structure. The heads of the vegetable are colored light green and have an average size of about 1500 grams. The variety is resistant to cracking and over-ripening.
It is recommended to grow Kazachok in the open field or under temporary film shelters. Cabbage tolerates low temperatures well, practically does not get sick.
Full ripening of this hybrid occurs 95-100 days after sowing seeds for seedlings. Taurus heads of cabbage can be cut in mid-July.
The hybrid early variety is considered one of the most productive. It's all about the size of the heads of cabbage - their weight often reaches five to six kilograms. This cabbage has several other significant advantages: the variety is very resistant to drought and is immune to most "cabbage" diseases.
Attention! White cabbage of early varieties in the open field can be grown only in the southern regions of the country, only some resistant hybrids are zoned for the central regions. In the north of Russia, an early ripe vegetable is planted only in greenhouses.
In Russia, it is difficult to find a dacha where June cabbage has not been grown at least once. This early variety is very popular among domestic gardeners, because it is zoned specifically for a temperate climate.
The taste of the early culture is very good: the structure of the head is dense, the leaves are tender and juicy, the taste is soft and pleasant. June cabbage is great in salads and appetizers, and its delicate flavor goes well with other vegetables in stews.
The heads of cabbage of a vegetable of this variety are medium - weighing 2-3 kilograms, which allows you to economically use the vegetable in fresh salads. Ripening of heads, as you might guess from the name of the variety, takes place in June.
The variety is suitable for growing outdoors and under temporary plastic covers.
Super early cabbage, which appeared quite recently, but has already won the love of domestic gardeners and summer residents. From the moment the seedlings are planted in the ground and until the vegetable is fully ripe, it takes only 40-45 days (the total growing season is about 90 days).
A high-yielding variety with excellent taste characteristics. Heads of cabbage are round, light green, with a small mass (on average, 1300 grams). Once harvested, cabbage can be stored for up to four months if the conditions are right.
Advice! Experienced gardeners recommend growing early varieties of cabbage in high, warm beds. The structure of the garden bed, in which the compost serves as the bottom layer, warms up the top layer of the soil and the root system of the seedlings. All this allows you to achieve one hundred percent yield of early maturing cabbage, even in the central regions.
There are also the best varieties of early cabbage, specially designed for growing in the most difficult climatic conditions. An excellent example of such a cabbage is a hybrid of the Arctic.
The ripening time is very tight - you can harvest the crop already 45 days after planting the seedlings in the soil. The hybrid tolerates low temperatures well, but loves light and moisture - this must be taken into account.
The rosettes of the leaves of the culture are compact - only 50 cm in diameter. The heads are also medium-sized - weighing 1-1.6 kg. Heads of cabbage are round, beautiful, not prone to cracking (shown in the photo).
Dutch hybrid with very early ripening - 95-100 days from the date of sowing. Heads of cabbage are round, aligned, light green in color.
Tasting grade assessment - 4.5 points. Cabbage is delicious fresh. On the cut, the head of cabbage is greenish-white, dense. The average head weight is 1300 grams. The variety is resistant to cracking.
Nozomi “R. ABOUT."
The earliest, or one of the earliest, is the Nozomi cabbage. After planting the seedlings in the ground, it takes only 43-45 days to fully ripen. The hybrid variety is very productive.
Heads of cabbage resemble a ball, round and even. The average weight of cabbage is 2 kg. Its structure is dense, the heads do not crack, they tolerate transportation and storage well.
Gardeners love this variety for its amazing resistance: the seedlings are not afraid of recurrent frosts, they tolerate waterlogging of the soil well, they do not get sick with fungal and putrefactive infections, and are immune to the "black leg".
Another early variety that allows harvesting as early as 55 days after transplanting.
Cabbage gives compact rosettes, its heads of cabbage are elastic, round, weighing about two kilograms. The heads are painted in a pale green color, they have an excellent taste. The variety is resistant to cracking and blooming.
Zolotovorotskaya is used mainly for preparing summer salads.
The fruit of the labor of Dutch breeders is the early Zantorino variety. Full ripening occurs 95-100 days after sowing the seeds into the soil.
Heads of cabbage are spherical, even and smooth, colored in a light green shade. The structure of the cabbage is of medium density, the heads of cabbage do not crack. Heads of cabbage grow up to 1.7-2.1 kg, have excellent taste.
The hybrid is intended for fresh consumption. Cutting heads begins from the last days of June.
The Dutch created a high-yielding hybrid with very early ripening periods. From the moment the seedlings are planted, only 52 days have passed, and the cabbage can be cut for fresh consumption.
Heads of cabbage are medium-sized (up to one and a half kilograms), light green, greenish-white on the cut. The structure of the heads is dense, they do not crack, and they tolerate transportation well.
Parel's taste is very good - rated by the tasters at five points. The culture of this variety is recommended for growing in open ground and in greenhouses.
Attention! Early varieties of cabbage require more attention from the gardener. This culture needs to be watered regularly (1-2 times a week), fertilized several times per season (using liquid solutions), spud stubs and weeded beds, spray the leaves with prophylactic agents.
Very productive early cabbage, ripening 110 days after planting. The heads ripen together, weigh about three kilograms. The taste is good.
An early maturing culture loves warmth, light and moisture, is able to withstand low temperatures and slight frosts.
An early ripening variety that enters the technical maturity phase by 100 days after planting. Heads of cabbage grow on a high stem, have a rounded shape and compact size.
The average weight of Dita's heads is only one kilogram. Heads of cabbage are resistant to cracking, well transported, and can be stored for a couple of months.
Advice! In the south, the Dita variety can be grown in the open field. In colder regions, it is better to plant this early cabbage in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
Early variety - about 65 days from the moment the seedlings were transferred to the ground. Heads of cabbage are round, even, their average weight is 1.5-2 kg. When overripe, cabbage can crack, so you need to harvest Ditmarskaya in a timely manner. The vegetable culture is intended for the preparation of fresh salads; it is often grown for the purpose of selling in late June - early July.
We live in the North, so we grow little on our site - mostly fruit trees and bushes with berries. We also plant cabbage, but only mid-season varieties, and then - in a greenhouse. In the conditions of a short and cool summer in the beds, even the early varieties simply do not tie heads ... So, we always buy fresh early cabbage in the markets and delight ourselves with the first vitamins!
Today there are many varieties of cabbage: both Chinese and Peking, Brussels sprouts or broccoli, but the most popular is still the usual white cabbage.
Early varieties of cabbage ripen in early summer, allowing you to quickly saturate the body with fresh vitamins and minerals. You won't be able to store early-ripening cabbages for a long time, they are not pickled or fermented, but very appetizing fresh salads and fragrant stews are obtained from such cabbage.
You can learn how to grow early maturing varieties from the video: