As you know, tomatoes are thermophilic plants that are most often grown in greenhouses in the zone of risky farming. But for this you need to choose the right variety. Breeding work in this direction is carried out constantly in many countries of the world.
Tomato Perfectpil F1 (Perfectpeel) is a hybrid of Dutch selection, intended for open ground, but in a greenhouse the yield is no worse. Italians are especially fond of this variety, using tomatoes for the production of ketchup, tomato paste and canning. The article will give a description and the main characteristics of the hybrid, as well as the features of growing and caring for tomatoes.
The seeds of the Perfectpil tomato can be safely purchased by Russians, because the hybrid was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation and recommended for industrial cultivation and for personal subsidiary plots. Unfortunately, there are not so many reviews about the Perfectpil F1 hybrid.
Tomato Perfectpil F1 belongs to the nightshade annual crops. Determinant hybrid, with early ripening. From the moment of germination to the collection of the first fruit, it comes from 105 to 110 days.
Tomatoes are low, about 60 cm, spreading (medium growth strength), but they do not need to be tied to a support, since the stem and shoots of the hybrid are strong. The growth of side shoots is limited. Hybrid Perfectpil F1 stands out for its powerful root system. As a rule, its roots can go to a depth of 2 m 50 cm.
Leaves on tomatoes are green, not too long, carved. On the Perfectpil F1 hybrid, simple inflorescences are formed through one leaf or go in a row. There are no articulations on the peduncle.
Up to 9 ovaries are formed on the hybrid brush. Tomatoes are medium in size, weighing 50 to 65 grams. They have a conical-rounded shape, like cream. The fruits of the hybrid have a high dry matter content (5.0-5.5), so the consistency is a little viscous.
The set fruits are green, in technical ripeness they are red. The tomato Perfectpil F1 tastes sweet and sour.
Tomatoes are dense, do not crack on the bush and hang for a long time, do not fall off. Harvesting is easy, since there is no knee on the joint, tomatoes from Perfectpil F1 are plucked without stalks.
Perfectpil F1 tomatoes are early, productive, about 8 kg of even and smooth fruits can be harvested from one square meter. The high yield attracts farmers who grow tomatoes on an industrial scale.
Attention! The Perfectpil F1 hybrid, unlike other tomatoes, can be harvested by machines.
The main purpose of the variety is whole-fruit canning, the production of tomato paste and ketchup.
The Perfectpil F1 hybrid has developed immunity to many diseases of nightshade crops. In particular, verticillus, fusarium wilting, alternaria stem cancer, gray leaf spot, bacterial spot are practically not observed on tomatoes. All this makes it easier to care for the Perfectpil F1 hybrid and adds to its popularity among summer residents and farmers.
Tomatoes can be grown in seedlings and seedlings, depending on the climatic characteristics of the region.
Transportability, as well as keeping quality of fruits of Perfectpil F1 hybrid, is excellent. When transported over long distances, the fruits do not crumple (dense skin) and do not lose their presentation.
For those gardeners who first bought Perfectpil F1 tomato seeds, you need to take into account some of the features of growing a hybrid:
Temperature and lighting
- First, the hybrid is sensitive to changes in air temperature. Seeds can germinate at temperatures from +10 to +15 degrees, but the process will be long. The optimum temperature is + 22-25 degrees.
- Secondly, the flowers of the Perfectpil F1 tomato do not open, and the ovaries fall off at temperatures of + 13-15 degrees. A decrease in temperature to +10 degrees provokes a slowdown in the growth of the hybrid, therefore, leads to a decrease in yield.
- Thirdly, elevated temperatures (from 35 and more) reduce the number of fruit formation, since the pollen does not crack, and the tomatoes that appeared earlier become pale.
- Fourthly, a lack of light leads to stretching of plants and slower growth already at the seedling stage. In addition, in the Perfectpil F1 hybrid, the foliage becomes smaller, the laying of inflorescences begins higher than usual.
Since fruit formation is abundant, the Perfectpil F1 tomato requires fertile soil. Hybrids respond well to humus, compost and peat.
Warning! It is prohibited to apply fresh manure for tomatoes of any kind, since green mass grows from it, and flower brushes are not thrown away.
For planting the Perfectpil F1 hybrid, choose a porous, moisture and air permeable soil, but with an increased density. In terms of acidity, the pH of the soil should range from 5.6 to 6.5.
Growing and care
You can grow Perfectpil F1 tomatoes by seedlings or direct sowing of seeds into the ground. The seedling method is chosen by those gardeners who want to get an early harvest, grow tomatoes in a greenhouse or under a temporary film cover.
Seedlings can also be grown for planting tomatoes in open ground. As a rule, seeds are sown in late March or early April. The choice of containers depends on the growing method:
- with a pick - into boxes;
- without picking - in separate cups or peat pots.
Gardeners are advised to add vermiculite to the soil for seedlings. Thanks to him, the soil remains loose even after watering. The seeds of the Perfectpil F1 hybrid are buried 1 cm, sown dry without soaking. The containers are covered with polyethylene and placed in a warm place.
When the first sprouts appear, the film is removed and the temperature is slightly reduced so that the tomatoes do not stretch out. Water the seedlings with water at room temperature. The pick is carried out in 10-11 days, when 2-3 true leaves grow. The work is done in the evening so that the seedlings have time to recover. Plants should be deepened to the cotyledonous leaves and the soil should be squeezed well.
Advice! Before planting, the central root of the Perfectpil F1 hybrid must be shortened by a third, so that a fibrous root system begins to develop.
For tomato seedlings to develop evenly, plants need good lighting. If there is not enough light, a backlight is installed. The cups on the window are arranged so that they do not come into contact with each other. Experienced gardeners are constantly turning the plants.
Two weeks before planting, Perfectpil F1 tomato seedlings must be hardened. By the end of cultivation, the seedlings should have the first flower tassel, which is located above the ninth leaf.
Attention! In good light, the flower tassel on the hybrid may appear slightly lower.
It is necessary to plant the Perfectpil F1 tomato in the ground with the onset of heat, when the night temperatures are not lower than 12-15 degrees. Plants are arranged in two lines for ease of maintenance. Between the bushes at least 60 cm, and the rows at a distance of 90 cm.
After planting, the plants are watered abundantly, then the condition of the soil is monitored and the tomatoes are watered as needed. Top dressing of the Perfectpil F1 hybrid is combined with irrigation. The water should be warm, from cold - the root system rots.
Formation of tomatoes
The formation of a hybrid bush must be dealt with from the moment of planting in the ground. Since the plants are of a determinant type, the shoots themselves limit their growth after the formation of several peduncles. As a rule, Perfectpil F1 hybrid does not follow suit.
But the lower stepsons, as well as the leaves located under the first flower brush, need to be pinched. After all, they draw juices, preventing the plant from developing. Stepsons, if they need to be removed, pinch at the beginning of growth in order to less injure the bush.
Advice! When pinching the stepson, leave a stump of at least 1 cm.
Left stepchildren on the Perfectpil F1 tomato also shape. When 1-2 or 2-3 brushes are formed on them, it is advisable to suspend the growth of lateral shoots by pinching the top. Leaves (no more than 2-3 leaves per week) under the tied tassels must be cut off in order to increase the outflow of nutrients for the formation of the crop and improve air circulation, lighting.
Important! Pinching should be done on a sunny morning; so that the wound dries up faster, sprinkle it with wood ash.
In the determinant hybrid Perfectpil F1, it is necessary to form not only the bush itself, but also flower tassels. The purpose of pruning is to produce fruits that are uniform in size and of high quality. The first and second tassels are formed with 4-5 flowers (ovaries). On the remaining 6-9 fruits. All flowers that have not set fruit should also be removed.
Important! Trim the brushes without waiting for tying, so that the plant does not waste energy.
When growing a tomato Perfectpil F1 in a greenhouse, it is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air. It is necessary to open doors and windows in the morning, even if it is cool outside or it is raining. Humid air promotes the formation of barren flowers, since the pollen does not crack. To increase the number of full-fledged ovaries, the plants are shaken after 11 hours.
If the Perfectpil F1 tomatoes are planted in fertile soil, then at the initial stage they are not fed. In general, you need to be careful with nitrogen fertilizers, because with them the green mass grows, and fruiting decreases sharply.
When flowering begins, Perfectpil F1 tomatoes need potash and phosphorus supplements. If you are not a fan of mineral fertilizers, use wood ash for root and foliar feeding of the hybrid.
The Perfectpil F1 tomatoes are harvested early in the morning, until they are warmed up by the sun, in dry weather. If the tomatoes are to be transported or are intended for sale in a nearby town, it is best to pick the brown fruit. So it is more convenient to transport them. But the main thing is that the tomatoes will get fully ripe, bright red color to consumers.
How to form determinant tomato varieties:
Reviews of gardeners
Victoria, 29 years old, Saratov region
I have been growing Perfectpil F1 hybrid for several years. Description and characteristics coincide with the real result. The fruits are tasty, brightly colored. I use them for conservation. And what a delicious tomato paste it turns out: thick, aromatic! I advise you to plant at least a few bushes.
Matvey, 45 years old, Vladimir
I saw a new package in the store. I liked the description of the Perfectpil F1 tomato. I will sow the seeds in the spring, see what happens.
Elizaveta, 41 years old, Yekaterinburg
I have been planting Perfectpil F1 hybrid for five years in a row. The harvest is always excellent. Fruits are even, dense, just for pickling. I like not only the taste, but also the fact that tomatoes do not burst on the bush and when pouring boiling water. The only thing that depresses me is the purchase of tomato seeds from year to year, since they are not harvested from hybrids.