Growing badan from seeds is the most common method of plant propagation. This herbaceous evergreen perennial is unpretentious in care, quickly takes root in the garden. Serves as a decoration of sites, looks especially good against the background of stones and near water bodies. And its leaves have long been used to make tea drinks. Planting berry seeds with seeds is easy. It is enough to know the simple rules of agricultural technology.
How to grow badan from seeds
Sowing badan from seeds is carried out before winter. To do this, perform the following actions:
- take a planting container, fill it with ready-made soil;
- furrows are made at a distance of 3 cm from each other, their depth should be about 5 mm;
- the ground is watered with water slightly warmer than room temperature;
- seeds are laid out in the furrows, sprinkled;
- the planting capacity is taken out into the garden, buried in the snow.
Crops are brought indoors with the onset of spring. They are kept at a temperature of +18 degrees, in the shade.
The first sprouts of bergenia appear after 3 weeks. They look after them like this:
- watered as the soil surface dries;
- thin out plantings;
- the room where badan is grown is regularly ventilated.
The next stage in the propagation of berry seeds by seeds is picking. It is performed in May. This requires large planting containers. There should be enough space for the distance between furrows to be at least 15 cm, and between adjacent specimens - 5 cm or more.
Badan grown from seeds is planted in open ground in early August. Choose areas of the garden with light, loose soils. Plants prefer partial shade, since rhizomes directed horizontally and often protruding above the soil surface are afraid of overheating. Seedlings are planted like this:
- dig holes 6–8 cm deep;
- the bottoms are sprinkled with sand;
- badan is carefully rolled over with an earthen lump;
- sprinkle and watered.
Badan, which was grown from seed, begins to bloom in the third or fourth year after planting
Other breeding methods
In order for the badan to retain its varietal characteristics, it must be propagated correctly. In addition to the seed method, there are others: bush division and cuttings.
By dividing the bush
Propagation of bergenia by dividing the bush is best done in autumn, in September. For this, an adult plant is chosen. It is desirable that he be about 4-5 years old. A segment with a length of at least 10 cm is separated from the aerial part of the rhizome. At the same time, it is ensured that at least 3 live buds are on it. The resulting material for propagation is transferred to a new place, slightly buried.
To propagate badan by cuttings, parts of rhizomes with young rosettes are cut from healthy, adult plants. This procedure is carried out in the spring, so that the plant has enough time before the onset of cold weather to root well and grow.
The cuttings are planted immediately in open ground, since the badan does not like frequent transplants.
To root cuttings, perform the following steps:
- planting material is soaked in any root formation stimulator;
- holes are dug in the soil, the depth of which should be about 6–7 cm, and the distance between adjacent ones should be 50 cm;
- cuttings are placed in them, lightly sprinkled;
- watered abundantly;
Further care for berry cuttings is simple. It consists in weekly watering, loosening and clearing the area from weeds, as well as applying fertilizers. For top dressing, a potassium composition is introduced in the spring, and superphosphate in the autumn months.
Care after breeding
The varieties of badan that grow in nature have such qualities as unpretentiousness to living conditions, endurance and frost resistance. They were also transferred to decorative, garden varieties. Therefore, caring for badan is simple and requires elementary agrotechnical operations.
In early spring, dead and damaged foliage is removed from overwintered plants. Top dressing is applied under each bush. Preference is given to complex formulations. The purpose of their application is to stimulate growth and development, as well as prepare for flowering. Plants require more nutrients when buds and flowers appear.
The next fertilization is carried out during the period when the berry is fading. This helps to replenish the supply of essential nutrients and stimulate the growth of the outlets.
Fertilizers can be applied simultaneously with watering, or this procedure can be carried out after moistening the soil
Badan loves moisture, so it must be watered regularly. Particular attention is paid to water procedures in the following periods:
- during the formation of peduncles and budding;
- in dry, hot weather.
Most varieties bloom in spring, April and May. After the flowers wither, the arrows must be cut off with scissors. Leave them only in cases when they plan to collect seeds.
In the fall, dead, old and damaged foliage is cut off. The flower tolerates frosts well, withstands a drop in temperature to -40 degrees, provided that it hibernates under the snow. If there is no cover or it is too thin, then the berry rhizomes should be covered with straw, spruce branches.
When propagating by dividing the bush or by cuttings, or after transplanting, berry can grow poorly for several years. Experienced gardeners in such situations are advised to check how deep the rhizome is, whether there is stagnation of water in the area. If the roots are not too deep and do not rot due to excess moisture, then it is worth letting the plant take root in a new place. It may take some time for the badan to adapt.
If growth and development remain slow for more than 5 years, then it is better to transplant the plant to a new place. Badan does not like heavily shaded areas. It is better to give preference to light partial shade or even open, well-lit spaces.
Often, when sowing berry seeds and propagating in other ways, gardeners are faced with the following problems:
- Seeds do not germinate for a long time. In order to prevent such a situation, it is necessary to choose high-quality planting material, inspect it for damage, check the expiration date on the seed packages.
- Poor, new roots are slowly forming. The rhizome is weakened. To avoid this, the seedlings are soaked in root growth stimulants before planting.
Growing badan from seeds allows you to decorate the site with decorative at the same time unpretentious plantings. Plants look original not only during flowering. Their large foliage in beautiful colors adorns different parts of the garden.