To work in the country, it is not necessary to buy a walk-behind tractor. To process a small area under the power of a motor cultivator. This technique is cheaper, compact and maneuverable. It is convenient to cultivate hard-to-reach areas with a cultivator. If necessary, the handle and wheels can be removed from the unit and transported in the trunk of the car. A modern manufacturer offers the consumer petrol and electric motor-cultivators. Which one to choose, we will now try to figure it out.
Features of the device of gasoline cultivators
The popularity of gasoline powered cultivators is due to the mobility of technology. The unit is not tied to an outlet by a cable, as is typical of electrical counterparts. Gasoline models are more powerful. They are worth buying for large and remote areas.
Attention! The cultivator's gasoline engine is two-stroke and four-stroke. For the first option, the fuel will have to be mixed by hand. It consists of a mixture of different proportions of gasoline and engine oil. The second type of engine runs on pure gasoline.
Models of gasoline cultivators differ in power and weight. Because of this, they were conditionally divided into four categories.
This category includes cultivators weighing up to 15 kg. Their power is usually limited to 3 horsepower. The weakest gasoline engine can have 1.5 horsepower. The technique is intended for the maintenance of flower beds, beds in greenhouses and other small areas. The cultivator uses cutters to loosen the soil up to a maximum depth of 8 cm.In this case, the working width is 20 to 30 cm.
Important! The ultralight cultivator cannot be used on virgin or difficult soil.
The equipment is so compact that you can easily put it in a large bag and take it with you to the country. For ease of transportation, the manufacturer has taken care of collapsible handles.
The weight of petrol motor-cultivators of the light category does not exceed 40 kg. The equipment is equipped with a motor with a capacity of 2.5 to 4.5 horsepower. The grip of the cutters is increased - from 40 to 50 cm, as well as the loosening depth - from 15 to 18 cm. A light motor-cultivator is already capable of cutting grooves for planting garden crops, therefore, the manufacturer usually completes it with a hiller.
The petrol cultivator in this category is also compact and highly maneuverable. The performance of the unit is 2 times higher than its ultra-light analog, but it still cannot be used on hard soils and virgin soil. The area of application of the technique remains the same: processing of flower beds, beds, flower beds.
Attention! The worm gearbox of light cultivators is made of plastic. The parts are very fragile and in case of oil leakage from the device case, they quickly fail. Manufacturers recommend checking the lubricant level every 60 hours.
Another drawback of the worm gear is the inability to roll the cultivator back from the obstacle encountered on the way with your hands. When choosing this technique, it is better to give preference to the model with a reverse.
Petrol motor-cultivators of the middle category weigh from 45 to 60 kg. The equipment is equipped with 4–6 horsepower motors. The high weight provides the best traction between the machine and the ground. The cultivator is stable even when working hard soil. The cutting width is increased - from 40 to 85 cm, and the loosening depth is from 25 to 28 cm.
With the increase in engine power, the field of application of technology has significantly expanded. A middle-class motor-cultivator can go to the garden, loosen the clay soil, but for virgin lands it is still weak. Of course, there are enough horses in the engine. The problem is hidden in the weak mechanical part of the unit, where the transfer of torque from the motor to the cutters takes place.
Important! The movement of the cultivator is due to the rotation of the cutters. In the event of a collision with an obstacle, the operator must disengage the drive to roll the machine back.
More expensive models work with a chain reducer. It has a long service life and allows you to use attachments on the cultivator: a mower, a harrow, a plow.
The category of heavy gasoline cultivators includes models weighing more than 60 kg. The technique can compete with motoblocks, as it is equipped with motors up to 10 horsepower. A heavy unit is capable of processing a plot of more than 10 acres with soil of any complexity, even if it is virgin land.
During work, you need to learn how to operate a motor-cultivator so that pressure is obtained in the ratio of 1 kg of the unit to 1 cm2 soil. Otherwise, the technique will be thrown up or it will burrow into the ground with cutters. Adjustment of the depth of loosening by cutters is done with the help of the handles: push down - the unit is buried, raised the handles - the cultivator climbed out of the ground to the surface.
Advice! When buying a heavy motor-cultivator, it is better to give preference to a self-propelled machine. This technique itself moves on wheels, and the cutters are installed from the rear of the frame.
The unit is capable of working with many attachments. In addition to the traditional plow, harrow and mower, a potato planter, digger, cart and other mechanisms can be connected to the trailed one. Heavy motor cultivators are designed for long-term operation, but they are not convenient to operate in a greenhouse, in a flower bed and other small areas.
Features of the device and use of an electric cultivator
An electric cultivator can be compared in performance to an ultra-light class gasoline cultivator. The technique is designed for processing areas with soft soil up to 5 acres. The unit does not require refueling of gasoline, operates with low noise and is easy to maintain. This technique weighs from 6 to 20 kg. The bulk falls on the electric motor. The more powerful it is, the heavier it is. An electric cultivator cannot be used on virgin soil, but it will cope with hard soil.
The main disadvantage of electrical engineering is the attachment to the outlet. The owner will have to buy a long cable to cover the entire lot. Of course, pulling the cord with you is also inconvenient. We must constantly watch so that it does not fall under the cutters.
The video tells about the choice of a cultivator:
Which cultivator model to choose
The dispute between summer residents about which cultivator to choose is eternal. Some recognize only gasoline models, others find it easier to handle electric units. The positive and negative sides of different cultivators are compensated for, so let's try to draw a conclusion:
- Electric cultivators are easier to use and maintain. Any inexperienced person can handle the technique. You just need to plug in the power cord and you can start working. The main unit of the unit is the electric motor. It is not noisy, has a long service life, and is economical. If a person is afraid of attachment to an outlet, then you can consider the option of a cultivator with a battery. The charge to work for the whole day will not be enough, but it does offer the opportunity to work remotely.
- A petrol powered cultivator benefits from mobility and power. The downside is the fixed costs of purchasing oil and gasoline. Consumables include candles and filters. This technique requires intelligence. The motors are simple, but they may not start. A person should be able to independently find the cause and correct it.
Now let's deal with the virgin soil. Suburban areas are usually located on difficult ground. There may be an uneven relief, heavily overgrown areas with grass or virgin lands. This is where electric cultivators are dropped immediately. There can be no question of buying them.
Even any petrol powered cultivators will not work. To plow virgin lands, you will need a flat cutter and a plow. Here it is better to give preference only to heavy equipment. If the soil is moderately dense, then you can get by with a middle-class gasoline unit.
Any land-cultivation equipment must be taken with a small power reserve. After all, it is not known where in the future her help may be needed.