Burgundy peonies are a very popular garden flower variety. There are many varieties, and in order to choose the most beautiful of them, you need to get acquainted with the brief descriptions.
The benefits of growing burgundy peonies
Burgundy peonies are represented by a wide varietal variety, however, against the background of other varieties, they can be considered few. There are several advantages to growing flowers in a deep, dark shade:
- A rare color. The selection of burgundy varieties is associated with certain difficulties, therefore, among the abundance of white and red peonies, burgundy varieties in summer cottages can not be found so often. A blooming perennial with a rich dark shade is guaranteed to attract the attention of guests.
- Lush bloom. During the period of maximum decorativeness, peony bushes look very beautiful, large flowers on them are located in a heap, close to each other.
- Large buds. In most varieties, the size of the buds is 15-25 cm in diameter, even dwarf burgundy peonies bring large flowers against the background of the general dimensions.
- Brightness. It is the burgundy varieties that look most effective on the garden plot, they stand out against any background.
Burgundy peonies bloom in early June
Early flowering can also be attributed to the advantages of burgundy varieties. Most of the varieties bloom in June and decorate the garden with beautiful bright flashes, some varieties begin to bloom in late May.
The best varieties of burgundy peonies
Among the most popular varieties, there are several varieties of burgundy peonies. They differ mainly in size, the difference is in the shades of flowering and the dimensions of the inflorescences.
Miniature variety of burgundy peony with stems up to 50 cm tall. Brings large, deep ruby-colored buds with long yellow staminodes, or stamens without anthers. The diameter of the buds reaches 10 cm. The leaves of the plant are rich green, patterned, the variety emits a light delicate aroma.
Moscow is suitable for growing in soil and in flowerpots
The hybrid variety belongs to tree-like peonies and rises up to 1 m above the ground. The bush consists of numerous strong stems, the flowers of the peony are red-burgundy, with a purple spot at the base, with white staminodes and purple-yellow stamens. The buds are quite large, their width can reach 20 cm.
You can recognize the Yulia Drunina variety by a bright dark spot at the base of the flower
The tree variety is capable of reaching 1.5 m above ground level. The burgundy peony brings large flowers up to 20 cm of red-violet color, a dark purple stripe runs in the center of the petals. The petals are corrugated along the edges. Crimson stamens with yellow anthers, burgundy peony gives off a strong pleasant scent.
Vladimir Novikov begins to bloom in mid-June
A tree-like hybrid variety up to 1 m tall. The flowers of the plant are large, about 20 cm, the petals are arranged in the shape of a bowl. In color, the buds are claret-purple, with a darker shade in the middle, and the stamens of the perennial are purple with yellow anthers at the ends. A flower bed with a burgundy peony of this variety looks very bright.
Nikolay Vavilov is highly resistant to drought and fungal diseases
Paul M. Wilde
The herbaceous variety rises up to 1 m above the ground and produces semi-double flowers up to 18 cm wide. The color of the buds is burgundy with a slight crimson tint, the petals are concave in shape and are located relative to each other, like scales.
Paul M. Wilde can withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C, it can be grown in Siberia
Important! The burgundy peony variety has decorative foliage - dark green in color, in autumn it becomes crimson.
The herbaceous peony bush grows up to 70 cm and bears bright burgundy flowers up to 16 cm in diameter, anemic in shape. The flowers in the middle are wide pale pink staminodes and yellow stamens, the stems are reddish, with matte dark green leaves. The burgundy peony variety looks decorative not only during flowering, but also after it.
Karen Gray brings not only the center buds, but also the lateral buds
The red-burgundy peony belongs to dwarf hybrids - its growth is no more than 50 cm. The flowers of the variety are double, burgundy-crimson in shade, up to 10 cm wide. The petals are arranged in the shape of a bowl, on the outside they are round, and in the center - narrow and elongated, fringed. The variety is grown not only in the garden, but also in closed containers.
Dwarf Red Spider is well suited for cutting and forming bouquets
A medium-sized garden peony rises up to 75 cm and produces large maroon flowers up to 21 cm in diameter. The shape of the flowers is simple, the petals are corrugated, with even edges, the buds resemble tulips in shape. The variety bears up to 4 buds on each of the stems, with short yellow stamens in the center of the flowers.
Burgundy America received a gold medal from the American Peony Society in 1992
Angelo Cobb Freeborn
The hybrid burgundy variety belongs to high, it rises up to 90 cm. It blooms with double flowers of a spherical shape, the color is dark crimson with a slight salmon tint at sunset. The buds grow up to 18 cm in diameter and exude a pleasant delicate aroma. The plant has pale green leaves and looks very decorative.
Angelo Cobb Freeborn was bred in America back in 1943
A tree-like tall variety is able to rise up to 1.5 m above the ground. The flowers of the peony are semi-double, on one bush there can be located not only burgundy, but also white-scarlet, and almost white flowers. The petals are concave and cup-shaped, up to 16 cm in diameter, the leaves are rich green with a noticeable bronze tint.
Shima-Nishiki begins to bloom at the end of May
The herbaceous hybrid plant can rise up to 1.2 m above the ground. The flowers of the burgundy peony are double, spherical, of a dark cherry shade. The diameter of individual flowers reaches 18 cm, the petals are rounded in shape.
Red Grace gives only central burgundy buds - one on each stem
Attention! Red Grace is an early burgundy peony that starts blooming in May. Flowering bushes exude a pleasant aroma.
The herbaceous hybrid plant grows up to 70 cm in height. It blooms with semi-double large flowers up to 19 cm each, the buds are rich burgundy in shade with a brick tint. The stamens in the flowers are yellow, with red veins, the leaves of the plant are light green. The perennial exudes a pleasant, light aroma during the flowering period.
Lastres almost does not fade in the sun and is suitable for planting in open areas
A tree-like variety of burgundy peony is very large and is able to rise up to 2 m. Flowers are purple-burgundy in color, a single bush can bear up to 70 flowers. The petals are arranged in the shape of a crown, the size of the flowers reaches 16 cm.The variety has beautiful carved leaves of bright green color.
Scarlet sails can produce up to 70 burgundy buds on one bush
The burgundy peony rises above the ground on average up to 1 m and blooms with large spherical flowers up to 17 cm wide. The flowers are carmine-claret in shade, with corrugated staminodes, crowned with cream tips, in the center. The stems of the variety are reddish, with long, dark green decorative leaves.
Akron blooms in mid-June and exudes a light scent
A dwarf variety of burgundy peony grows no more than 50 cm in height. The flowers of the variety are anemic, burgundy-pink in shade, only about 10 cm in diameter. In the middle of the flowers are large yellow-tipped stamens.
Oslo is suitable for arranging bouquets due to its compact size
The miniature variety is grown both in the ground and in flowerpots. The flowers have a mild, pleasant scent.
The Qiao sisters
A tall tree-like perennial grows up to 1.5 m in height. The pink-burgundy peony brings beautiful semi-double flowers in which burgundy and white shades are mixed. The dimensions of the flowers are very large - they reach up to 25 cm. The stems of the variety are straight, tough, do not bend under the weight of the inflorescences, the leaves are large and carved, of a soft green color.
An adult bush of Sister Kiao produces up to 100 burgundy buds
The tree-like maroon variety of peony rises up to 1.5 m above the ground and gives semi-double flowers of large sizes - up to 25 cm. The shade of the flowers is very interesting - dark, deep burgundy, with pronounced chocolate tones. The perennial emits a pleasant rich smell, bright green leaves look beautiful against the background of bright flowers.
Black Panther can bloom for about 20 years in one place.
The double burgundy peony grows up to 90 cm above the ground and produces beautiful, rose-like flowers up to 16 cm in diameter each. The buds are burgundy-purple in shade, with lilac shades. The color of the buds largely depends on the weather, with a sunny color the plant looks brighter, on cloudy days it acquires a rich dark color.
Felix Suprem gives off a strong rosehip scent when blooming
The medium-sized variety rises up to 1 m and produces double buds about 23 cm wide. The color of the variety is very rich, dark wine, as the buds develop, the color intensity only increases. The Armani variety has a strong pleasant aroma, and in autumn the peony leaves also acquire a burgundy hue. The plant is considered to be quite rare.
Armani leaves turn dark red in autumn.
A medium-sized herbaceous perennial rises up to 1 m above the ground level, and the flowers grow up to 20 cm in diameter. The buds are very double in structure, resemble rose flowers, the petals are very densely arranged. The color of the peony is burgundy-raspberry, emits a rich sweetish aroma during the decorative period.
Kansas - Winner of the American Peony Society Gold Medal for 1957
Rare enough, but very beautiful variety up to 1 m in height. Brings spherical buds of a dark burgundy color with a chocolate tint, the opened flowers reach 15 cm and slightly resemble a carnation in shape. It emits a light pleasant aroma, decorative effect is enhanced by large dark green leaves.
Black pearls bloom at the end of June
The herbaceous variety of burgundy peony has a very lush flowering. Highlight brings terry buds on high, above 1 m, stems, buds are maroon in color, similar to tongues of fire.
A distinctive feature of the variety is late flowering. Unlike most burgundy varieties, Highlight does not bloom in June, but only at the end of August.
Highlight has drooping stems and may require a garter
A compact but tall variety, it grows up to 90 cm and has strong, straight stems. It blooms profusely, brings maroon large buds with yellow-reddish staminodes in the center. The peculiarity of the variety is resistance to heat and sunny weather - in illuminated areas on clear days it does not fade and does not lose color.
Sword Dance begins to bloom in June and early July
A very old and well-known variety, bred back in the 1930s, it reaches 90 cm in height. The stems of the peony are strong and strong, the leaves are green with a rich color, up to 3 buds grow on each stem. The bloom is burgundy in color, the width of the buds can reach 18 cm. The Peter Brand variety is distinguished by its increased resistance to diseases.
Peter Brand - suitable for partial shade
A very tall burgundy peony rises up to 2 m above the ground. The buds of the variety are terry, purple-burgundy, large - up to 25 cm each, sometimes they acquire a purple hue. The bushes bloom very profusely, up to 70 buds can be harvested on one plant. Variety Dragon flowers has large leaves of bright green color.
Peony Dragon flowers retains decorative effect for 2 weeks
Hybrid herbaceous variety blooms very early - the buds bloom at the end of May. In height, the peony bushes rise 75 cm, the flowers of the variety are burgundy with a wine tint, closer to autumn their color becomes darker. In width, the buds of Red Charm grow up to 20 cm, in structure they are terry, spherical in shape.
Red Charm leaves acquire a reddish color by autumn
The hybrid burgundy peony has strong stems about 90 cm tall and light green leaves. The flowers of the plant are maroon, with a noticeable pomegranate tint, double in structure and resembling rosebuds. In width, the flowers reach 20 cm, slightly fluff at the ends. The flowering of the variety is dense.
Henry Bokstos fades slightly in direct sunlight
A medium-sized maroon peony rises an average of 70 cm and produces small buds up to 16 cm each. The flowers of the variety are dark cherry in color, very beautiful, with chocolate notes, golden "splashes" may be present on the petals. In the center of double and semi-double buds are dark staminodes with yellow tips.
Chokelit Soulde can give double and semi-double buds on one bush
A fairly tall variety grows up to 90 cm. It has strong stems with green leaves, on each stem there is a burgundy double flower. The buds are about 11 cm in diameter, with yellowish stamens in the center. The variety is characterized as resistant to unfavorable growing conditions, Tornadoes rarely infect diseases.
Tornado is convenient because it tolerates drought and poor soils well
The use of burgundy peonies in design
In the garden landscape, burgundy peonies are used very widely:
- Most often, they are planted in plots in the immediate vicinity of the house - on the sides of the porch, near the walls, next to the gazebo. With this arrangement, perennials are clearly visible and, moreover, make it possible to clearly highlight the area.
Peony bushes draw attention to the highlighted area
- Burgundy peonies are actively used in front gardens, as part of flower beds and group compositions.
A flower bed with peonies looks lush, even if there are no other plants on it
- Plants can be used to form a small hedge that divides the garden into separate zones.
A hedge of flowers does not rise high, but attracts attention.
- Peony bushes near fences look beautiful, they allow you to revive the landscape and cover up empty space.
Peony bushes are often planted near fences so as not to leave wastelands.
Peonies are best combined with lilies, chamomiles, lupins and phlox. They can be planted next to any perennials that prefer sunny places.
But in the immediate vicinity of tall trees and dense bushes, it is better not to plant flowers. Strong neighbors in this case take away moisture and nutrients from the peonies, which is why the flowering is less abundant. In addition, against the background of trees and shrubs, flowering burgundy perennials do not look so bright and spectacular.
It is better not to plant peonies directly under the trees.
Attention! Contrary to stereotypes, peony bushes can be planted next to roses. But for the composition, it is better to choose white roses, otherwise dark flowers, very similar in structure to each other, will neutralize each other.
Planting and caring for burgundy peonies
Burgundy peonies are unpretentious flowers to grow. It is enough to choose a good place for them and follow the main rules of care:
- It is recommended to plant peonies in well-lit areas - flowers love sunlight. At the same time, there should be tall buildings nearby, which will provide cover for the peonies from drafts and strong winds.
- The soil for burgundy peonies must be dry. Before planting peonies, you need to organize drainage on the site and enrich the land with wood ash, humus and mineral fertilizers.
- Planting of plants in the ground is carried out mainly in September. Spring planting is acceptable but not recommended. The pit for a perennial should be deep, about 80 cm, since its root system is growing rapidly.
You need to plant bushes near buildings, but in sunny places.
Caring for burgundy peonies is not particularly difficult. You need to water the flower beds weekly, if there is no precipitation, after watering the soil at the roots is loosened and weeds are removed. The flowers are fed three times a season - with nitrogenous fertilizers in early spring, complex minerals during the flowering period, potassium and phosphorus 2 weeks after flowering. When the burgundy buds are dry, you will need to cut the flower stalks.
For the winter, it is customary to cut the bushes almost to the ground.
Advice! In order for the plant to endure the winter well, in the fall with the onset of frost, you need to cut the stems almost flush with the ground and mulch the flower bed with peat by 7-10 cm.
Diseases and pests
Garden burgundy peonies often suffer from fungal diseases and insect pests. You can list some of the most dangerous diseases of perennials:
- Rust. When infected with this disease, the green leaves of the burgundy peony are covered with orange, reddish and brown spots in the form of "pads". If you do not begin to treat the disease, the plant will die, and the fungus will spread to neighboring peony bushes.
Rust leaves a characteristic reddish bloom on peony leaves
- Gray rot. The disease affects whole burgundy peonies - from roots to buds. The first symptom is wilting of young shoots in spring and the appearance of brown spots at the root collar. After a while, a grayish bloom, similar to mold, appears on the leaves and stems.
Gray mold can develop from roots
- Powdery mildew usually appears as a whitish bloom on the upper side of the leaf blades. The disease develops slowly, but affects the decorative effect, and if untreated, it can lead to the death of the peony bush.
Powdery mildew coats leaves
- Mosaic. With a viral disease, light spots and separate necrotic areas appear on green leaves, the peony weakens and begins to fade. It is impossible to cure the mosaic; the affected perennial is simply destroyed.
Mosaic - an incurable disease of peonies
The fight against curable fungal diseases is carried out mainly with the help of Bordeaux liquid and specialized solutions - Fundazole and Figon. When treating diseases, all affected parts of the burgundy peony must be removed.
As for pests, the following are especially dangerous for the plant:
- ants - insects feed on the syrup secreted by the buds, and along the way they can eat leaves and petals;
Ants eat flower buds
- aphids - buds and shoots suffer from this insect, since the pest feeds on the vital juices of the plant;
Aphids are a dangerous pest of peony bushes, because they drink juices from the leaves.
- nematodes - worms mainly affect the roots, when infected, it remains only to destroy the bush and disinfect the soil;
It is impossible to save a peony bush from a nematode
- bronzovka - a beautiful beetle causes damage to burgundy peonies, as it eats petals and leaves.
Bronze feeds on petals and can destroy flowers
The fight against aphids, ants and bronze is carried out using a soap solution, Actellik or Fitoverma. During spring and summer, it is recommended to regularly inspect flower beds with peony bushes in order to notice pests in time and immediately begin to fight them.
Burgundy peonies are very beautiful perennials that require minimal maintenance when grown. There are quite a few varieties of culture, so for each garden, you can choose a variety with the optimal bush height and the desired shade of flowering.