Clematis Warshawska Nike is a large-flowered variety of Polish selection, obtained in 1982. The breeder of the variety is Stefan Franczak, a Polish monk who bred more than 70 varieties of the crop. The deciduous vine is used for vertical landscaping in the southern parts of the garden during the summer. At the age of 5, Clematis Varshavska Nike creates a dense, richly flowering carpet.
Description of clematis Varshavska Nike
Clematis Varshavska Nike is a perennial culture, under favorable conditions it grows in one place for up to 30 years. Climbing vines reach a length of 2-3 m. Grow rapidly.
In one warm night, the length of the liana increases by 5-10 cm. In one summer season, Varshavska Nike forms from 1 to 5 shoots.
Clematis Varshavska Nike forms a large number of buds and velvety, large flowers. Young flowers are monochromatic, rich in ripe cherry color. Adult flowers are purple-burgundy, with a light stripe in the middle of each petal. Large stamens of a contrasting light shade give a special charm to the flowers.
From the photo and description of the Varshavska Nike clematis, it is clear that its flowers last a long time and do not fade in the sun. The largest ones reach 17 cm in diameter. Leaves are leathery, green, obovate.
During the summer period, there are two waves of flowering. But due to its duration, the transition becomes imperceptible and it seems that the Varshavska Nike clematis blooms continuously. Flowering begins in June and lasts until late autumn. The frost resistance zone of the culture is 4, which means the ability to winter without shelter at -30 ... -35C.
Clematis trimming group Varshavska Nike
Clematis are divided into 3 pruning groups. Varshavska Nike belongs to the transition group 2-3. The crop can be pruned according to the rules of both groups.
Cropping rules for different groups:
- 2nd group - differs in weak pruning, which is carried out 2 times. After the first flowering, last year's shoots are pruned in the summer. These shoots are cut off completely. The second pruning is carried out in the fall, after the shoots of the current year have completely faded, leaving 1-1.5 m of the length of the stems. Immediately after the autumn pruning, the plants are covered for the winter;
- 3rd group - strong pruning. In the fall, before going into winter, all the shoots are cut off, leaving 15-20 cm above the soil.
With both pruning groups, clematis Warsaw Night blooms equally abundantly. Therefore, it is more convenient to cut and save it according to the rules of the 3rd group.
Optimal growing conditions
Clematis Varshavska Nike is a crop that needs to be grown in constant sunlight, but its roots must remain in shade. When growing, mulching is indispensable. To protect the roots from overheating, weeds and pests, it is convenient to use compressed coconut fiber trunks. Annual flowers are also planted in the foreground for shading.
The roots of Varshavska Nike do not tolerate soil in which moisture stagnates. And the vines must be protected from sudden gusts of wind. A sharply swaying liana can get mechanical damage to the stems, which will lead to wilting or fungal infection.
For abundant flowering, the culture needs frequent feeding. To do this, use any fertilizer for flowering plants. Manure can only be applied in a rotted form.
Advice! When growing clematis Varshavska Nike, it is important to monitor the acidity of the soil. The soil is deoxidized every spring with dolomite flour.
In the photo of clematis Warsaw Night, you can see how he climbs high up with the help of thin antennae. Therefore, it is best to use a thin mesh for support.
Planting and caring for clematis Varshavska Nike
Clematis Varshavska Nike refers to plants with early awakening. Planting seedlings is best done in October. Seedlings older than 2 years are planted in open ground, with a well-developed root system. A seedling should have roots from 5 pieces, their length is about 50 cm. A young plant should have well-developed vegetative buds.
Selection and preparation of the landing site
For the cultivation of Varshavska Nike clematis, a permanent place is chosen where the crop will grow for many years. Mature bushes do not tolerate transplanting well. Clematis Varshavska Nike is planted on the south side of a fence or building.
Liana is also allowed through specially constructed cones or old trees. Clematis can be grown in large tubs. Varshavska Nike is resistant to high air temperatures.
Before planting, the seedling is stored in the brightest place. But when buds appear, they are cut off, preventing the plant from blooming. Before planting, the soil in which the seedling grew is spilled with Fitosporin solution. To relieve the stress of the plant during transplantation, it is sprayed with "Epin".
For planting clematis Varshavska Nike make a spacious planting pit, 60 cm in size on all sides and depth. A drainage layer is poured at the bottom. The pit is filled with soil with the addition of compost or well-rotted manure, full mineral fertilizer is applied and 2 tbsp. ash. Mix everything thoroughly. For planting, a small mound is made at the bottom of the pit, on which the seedling is placed.
Important! When planting a Varshavska Nike clematis seedling, it must be buried 10 cm below the general ground level.
Deepening the seedling is necessary for the emergence of new roots and the formation of new shoots in the future. When planting, the roots are straightened, evenly spreading over the soil. During the summer, fertile soil is gradually poured until the pit is completely filled.
In the description of clematis Warsaw night it is indicated that it can be grown alongside other varieties of culture. The distance between plants in this case should be 70-100 cm.
Watering and feeding
Fertilization of Varshavska Nike clematis is carried out throughout the entire growth period, depending on the amount of growing mass and the general condition of the plant. If the root system was covered with rotted manure for the winter, this fertilizer is sufficient for the entire growth period. In other cases, fertilizing is carried out with fertilizers for flowering plants.
Important! Clematis Varshavska Nike is watered not at the root, but in diameter, retreating from the center about 30 cm.
The vine is watered once a week, in hot weather and in the southern regions - several times a week. Young plants need about 20 liters of water per watering, adults - about 40 liters. When watering, the leaf part should not be touched so as not to spread fungal diseases. It is most favorable for clematis to carry out underground watering.
Mulching and loosening
Loosening enriches the soil with oxygen, enhances the work of microorganisms, which allows the root system to develop better, and the plant to build up its vegetative mass. The first surface loosening is carried out in the spring on wet, but not soggy soil. At the same time, weeds are removed and the soil is covered with a fresh layer of mulch.
Mulching keeps the soil moist and loose. As mulch, you can use:
- rotted manure;
- chips or leaves.
The layer is applied without touching the shoots, so as not to provoke fungal diseases. When mulching with plant residues, it is necessary to additionally introduce nitrogen fertilizers into the soil. Because microorganisms processing such mulch use nitrogen in the soil, and plants will lack this element.
Pruning is carried out directly in front of the shelter, do not leave the trimmed clematis in the open air. The vines are cut, leaving one bud. This leads to the awakening of the buds in spring, which are closer to the root, which increases the number of new shoots.
Preparing for winter
Clematis Varshavska Nike is frost-resistant. A properly buried plant tolerates the cold season well. When sheltering for the winter, it is important to protect the center of tillering. They cover clematis in late autumn, so that flowering has completely stopped by this time. To do this, in the autumn season, it is necessary to pinch the flowering shoots. Before the shelter, the remaining foliage is cut off from the stems, because there may be fungal spores on it.
All plant residues and old mulch are removed from under the bush. Shoots and root collar are sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid before the soil freezes. Sand is poured onto the root collar with the addition of ash. With any method of pruning, the roots of Varshavskaya Nike are covered with rotted manure or peat for the winter.
Important! The substrate for sheltering clematis must be dry.
The ground for shelter is distributed inside the bush. When cutting, leaving part of the shoots, they are twisted in a ring and pressed against the soil. Spruce branches are laid out on top.
The shelter is additionally covered with non-woven material, leaving a gap at the bottom for the passage of air.
In the spring, the shelter is removed gradually, in parts, before the onset of warm weather. Long shoots are carefully straightened and tied to supports.
For clematis, vegetative propagation is most suitable, when various parts of the plant are used for this.
Clematis Varshavska Nike is propagated by:
- Green cuttings. For this, shoots are cut from an adult plant at the stage of bud formation. For reproduction, material is taken from the middle of the liana, with the presence of one node. You can cut off no more than a third of one plant. Cuttings are processed in growth stimulants and germinated in containers with a mixture of peat and sand.
- Layers. In autumn, one of the shoots is pressed to the soil and sprinkled. When individual shoots germinate, they are separated and grown.
- By dividing the bush. Plants older than 5-6 years of age are used. Moreover, they must be completely dug up and the rhizome divided. Clematis do not tolerate this breeding method well.
Gardeners practically do not use the seed propagation method.
Diseases and pests
Clematis Varshavska Nike can be subject to various fungal diseases. Throughout the summer period, fungicides are used to prevent the appearance of infections. Soil fungi "Trichoderma" - one of the most powerful antagonists of phytopathogens - pathogens of plant diseases are introduced into the soil.
Common diseases of clematis:
- fusarium and verticillary wilting;
- leaf spot;
- powdery mildew;
- gray rot;
In the spring, to protect plants, they are sprayed with a 1% solution of copper or iron sulfate.
Mice and bears can become pests of young shoots of clematis. The vegetative mass is attacked by aphids, spider mites, and various caterpillars. A dangerous parasite for the root system is the root nematode. Insecticides are used to protect against harmful insects.
The appearance of diseases and pests on clematis indicates a reduced immunity of plants and violations in the conditions of their cultivation.
Clematis Varshavska Nike is a long-lived vine, which every year increases the number of shoots. Differs in abundant and long flowering. Large purple flowers attract attention with their tenderness and velvety. Subject to simple agricultural techniques, with the help of Varshavska Nike clematis, you can transform any garden.
Reviews about clematis Varshavska Nike
Irina Kazantseva, 37 years old, Tutaev
Clematis Varshavska Nike was acquired at one time as a flower for an inexperienced gardener. Once having grown clematis, it is already impossible to imagine your site without it. But the plant, although it does not require very complex care, still has its own characteristics in growing. It is important to purchase quality planting material. I propagated the Warsaw night from the first purchased plant. For the appearance of a dense wall of leaves and flowers, you need to be patient.
Lyubov Toshcheva, 47 years old, Nizhny Novgorod
How beautiful Varshavska Nike clematis look with plants of contrasting varieties, white and pink shades. I grow clematis from the appearance of the site. I like the varieties that belong to the 3rd group of pruning, because of the ease of shelter for the winter. Clematis require some attention from the grower. It is important to cover them correctly and open them in time. In spring, clematis, like the entire garden, I always treat with fungicides. I feed during the season and enjoy the lush bloom.