White cabbage has been widely known in Russia since the times of Kievan Rus, where it was brought from Transcaucasia in the 11th century. Since those distant times, cabbage has become one of the most beloved garden crops among the people, without which it is difficult to imagine the table of a Russian person. In addition to excellent taste and versatility of use, cabbage will also help to cope with many diseases. And one of the most popular ways of harvesting cabbage for the winter is pickling or pickling it.
Pickling and salting: is there a difference
Many housewives often confuse these two methods of harvesting vegetables or believe that they are one and the same. In fact, both methods of canning really have a lot in common and, first of all, the fact that when exposed to lactic acid bacteria, lactic acid is created, which plays the role of a natural preservative, and also complements the finished product with a specific aroma and taste.
The main difference between these methods of harvesting cabbage is the presence of salt and the difference in its percentage during the fermentation process. So, for salting cabbage, the presence of salt is absolutely necessary and should be at least 6% of the total weight of the prepared products. At the same time, when pickling cabbage, the salt content can be only 2-3%, and in many recipes it is not necessary to use it at all. For example, even in the 19th century, salt was not used for pickling cabbage, and despite this, cabbage was preserved very well, although the fermentation process itself could last from two weeks to two months.
In general, salting cabbage in the modern world is distinguished, first of all, by the speed of its production. Most recipes use Vinegar and vegetable oil for pickling cabbage. Vinegar helps the fermentation process take place very quickly, sometimes even in a few hours.
Important! The oil softens the taste of the finished dish and helps the body to better assimilate vegetables: cabbage and carrots.
This is probably why salting cabbage with oil has become widespread in recent years. After all, this blank is completely ready for use after opening the cans in winter, and does not need any additional seasonings and additives. While many people prefer to season ready-made pickled cabbage with oil, the recipes below ferment it in the presence of oil.
A quick and delicious recipe for salting cabbage
The good thing about this recipe is that delicious salted cabbage can be cooked pretty quickly - from two to eight hours. It is also attracted by the fact that if you have a small volume of kitchen utensils, as well as a refrigerator, as storage containers, then we will salt a small portion literally several times, and then we will repeat this process every time we want to enjoy healthy crispy cabbage. Well, you can increase the amount of ingredients several times and prepare a blank for the long winter months. True, in this case, salted cabbage will need to be sterilized, otherwise it will not be stored for long - about two to three weeks in the refrigerator.
To make a dish from one kilogram of already chopped cabbage, you will also need to cook one medium-sized carrot and 3-4 cloves of garlic.
Marinade consists of the following ingredients:
- Water - 300 ml;
- Vegetable oil -50 ml;
- Table vinegar (preferably apple or grape) - 50 ml;
- Coarse rock salt - 50 grams;
- Granulated sugar - 100 grams;
- Carnation - 3 things;
- Black pepper - 5 grains.
It is imperative to clean the cabbage from the top contaminated leaves.
Advice! It is best to use white cabbage leaves for pickling.
If the leaves have a greenish tint, they are not suitable for pickling - they do not have enough natural sugars.
It is also better to peel carrots from the thin outer skin, and garlic from the husk and disassemble into slices.
Then the cabbage must be chopped. You can use a special grater-shredder for these purposes, you can use a food processor, and if none of this is available, then an ordinary kitchen knife will help you out, but only sharply sharpened. Usually the heads of cabbage are cut in half, the stump is removed from them, and the remaining halves are cut into long narrow pieces. Carrots are easiest to grate on an ordinary coarse grater. The garlic is cut into very thin slices.
All vegetables are placed in a large bowl and mixed thoroughly.
After that, you can start making the marinade. If you want to get salted cabbage as quickly as possible, then fill it with hot pickle brine. In this case, the cabbage can be tasted immediately after cooling down, after two or three hours. If you have at least a night in stock, then it is better to pour the cooked vegetables with a mixture of boiled water at room temperature with spices, vinegar and oil. In this case, the cabbage will take a little longer to cook - it will acquire a rich taste and aroma in 7-8 hours.
So, to make the marinade, the amount of water required by the recipe is brought to a boil, sugar, salt and spices are dissolved in it. Then the required amount of vinegar is added, the container is removed from the heat and vegetable oil is poured into it. The prepared mixture of cabbage, carrots and garlic is poured with a still hot marinade, slightly stirred, covered with a lid and left to cool at room temperature. In this case, it is not even necessary to use oppression. The crispy pickled cabbage can be enjoyed in just two hours.
Otherwise, all the ingredients for the marinade are mixed with boiled water, and the solution is infused for 5 minutes. Then slightly mashed vegetables are poured with marinade, on top you need to put a lid with oppression.
Attention! If you are pouring cabbage in a three-liter jar, then instead of oppression, you can use a strong whole plastic bag filled with cold water.
The cabbage should be under pressure for about 7 hours in normal room conditions, after which the vegetables are mixed again and the finished dish can be sent either directly to the table or stored in the refrigerator.
Cabbage in large pieces
For many housewives, the recipe for salting cabbage in rather large pieces with the addition of beets and various fruits and berries may seem interesting. Preparing such cabbage is not difficult at all, and you can use it both for salads and for pies, as well as for preparing first and second courses. Everywhere it will be in demand with pleasure.
To produce a blank from a head of cabbage weighing about 3 kg, you need to take a pound of beets, 2 small horseradish roots, 3 carrots and 4-5 cloves of garlic.
The composition of the filling is quite standard - you need to take for two liters of water:
- Half a glass of granulated sugar;
- 100 grams of salt;
- 200 grams of vinegar 9%;
- 200 grams of vegetable oil;
- 6 peas of black pepper;
- 5 lavrushkas;
- 4 grains of cloves.
It is important to clean the cabbage of all contaminated and damaged leaves, both outside and inside. The heads of cabbage can then be cut into pieces of any size, from fork quarters to flat rectangles.
Carrots and beets are peeled and cut into strips or small slices. Garlic must be peeled, cut into chives and chopped using a special crusher. Horseradish is cleaned last and cut into small pieces with a knife. If you decide to add fruits with berries, then they are well washed from contamination. Apples and plums are freed from seeds and twigs, then they are also cut into small pieces.
All vegetables and fruits are combined in a large container and gently mixed. At the same time, the pickle-pickle is being prepared. All ingredients except oil and vinegar are added to the water and the whole thing is heated to a boil. At the time of boiling, vinegar and oil are added to the brine. After simmering for 3-5 minutes, the hot brine is added to the vegetables and fruits. Cover the cabbage with vegetables and spices on top with a plate or lid and press lightly so that the brine comes out from above. It is not necessary to use additional weight.
It is advisable to keep the cabbage in this form for at least a day at an optimal temperature of about + 18 + 20 ° C. After that, the dish can be eaten or stored in a cool place.
Salted cabbage with butter should add variety to your daily menu. And the speed and ease of making it will almost certainly make it one of your signature dishes.