Ammon cabbage was bred by the Russian company Seminis relatively recently. This is a hybrid variety that is suitable for growing in almost all regions of Russia, except for the most northern ones. The main purpose is cultivation in the open field with the possibility of transportation and long-term storage.
Description of Ammon cabbage
Ammon cabbage heads are round or slightly flattened. The diameter can vary from 15 to 30 cm. Their mass reaches 2-5 (less often 4-6) kg. The color of the outer layer of the heads of cabbage is gray-green. Inside, it is slightly whitish.
The leaves on the stem of Ammon cabbage are dark green, covered with a noticeable waxy bloom
The leaf plates are thin, tightly adjacent to each other. The stalk is short, occupying about a quarter of the head diameter. The taste is pleasant, fresh, completely without bitterness.
The variety is late-ripening. The growing period is 125-135 days from the moment the seedlings hatch. In cold regions, they can reach up to 5 months, and the culture will have time to mature.
Pros and cons of Ammon cabbage
The positive properties of the variety include:
- excellent keeping quality and transportability;
- long-term preservation in the field;
- high productivity and a small percentage of non-marketable fruits;
- resistance to fusarium and thrips.
Of the minuses of Ammon cabbage, it should be noted:
- the need for frequent watering and feeding;
- the difficulty of acquiring seed.
In terms of the totality of characteristics, the Ammon variety is one of the most promising for cultivation practically throughout the entire territory of Russia.
Productivity of Ammon cabbage
The yield of the Ammon F1 cabbage hybrid is very high: up to 600 kg per hectare, that is, 600 kg per one hundred square meters. Such indicators make it possible to classify the hybrid as an industrial crop that can be grown in agriculture for commercial purposes.
Important! Ensuring such yield indicators requires adherence to agricultural practices. Timely loosening and watering are especially relevant.
There is only one way to increase the yield of Ammon cabbage - by increasing the planting density.
It is not recommended to reduce the distance between heads or rows of less than 40 cm, since the crop will be cramped
The increase in the rates of fertilization practically does not affect the yield.
Planting and caring for Ammon cabbage
Like all cruciferous plants, Ammon cabbage thrives in fertile soil of moderate moisture and medium looseness. A sunny area protected from the wind is chosen for landing. Preliminary preparation is carried out in the fall of the previous year. 500 g of lime and half a bucket of peat and humus are added to the soil for each square meter.
Seeds are planted in spring, usually at the end of April. Planting is carried out in rows at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other. Seeds are placed in each of the grooves at a distance of 2-3 cm. After sowing, the site is mulched with humus and watered abundantly.
Important! In order to avoid the appearance of weeds, it is recommended to treat the planting with Semeron.
In the future, as soon as sprouts appear, they are thinned out, leaving the strongest at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other.
With earlier cultivation, seedlings are sown in mid-February. Before planting, the seeds are soaked for half an hour in water. As a growing substrate, you can use ordinary soil from the garden. The seeds are buried in it by 1.5 cm and the container is covered with film or glass, maintaining a constant temperature around + 20 ° C. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed and the seedlings are sent to a cool room (no higher than + 9 ° C).
2-3 weeks after germination, the seedlings dive into small individual pots
Landing in open ground is carried out in early May. By this time, the seedlings have 6-7 leaves.
Caring for Ammon cabbage requires regular watering and feeding. From time to time, plants need hilling (the height of the stem from the ground to the head should not exceed 10 cm).
Watering is performed every 3 days, while not overmoistening the soil too much. It is best to produce them in the morning, but you need to make sure that the water does not fall on the heads of cabbage. After watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil to a depth of 5 cm.
Fertilizers are applied once a month. It can be both organic and mineral supplements:
- nitrophoska, etc.
Organic has a standard dosage - about 2-3 kg per 1 sq. m. The application rates of mineral fertilizers range from 20 to 35 g per 1 sq. m. m depending on the stocking density.
Diseases and pests
In general, the hybrid has a high resistance to many diseases, but some of them still appear on the beds at regular intervals. For Ammon cabbage, such a disease will be a black leg. It is an infection caused by a fungus of the Erwinia family.
The symptomatology of the disease is quite stereotyped - the appearance of brown and then black spots in various parts of the plant
Mostly stems are affected, most often even at the seedling stage.
There is no cure for the disease. Damaged specimens are dug up and burned. After removal of foci of infection, the soil is sprayed with a 0.2% solution of potassium permanganate in water. Disease prevention helps well - it is recommended to treat the seeds before planting with Granosan (0.4 g of the substance is enough per 100 g of seeds).
The main cabbage parasites - thrips and cruciferous fleas almost never attack the Ammon F1 cabbage hybrid. Of the serious pests, the common white butterfly remains. The second and third generations of this insect (appearing in July and September) can significantly reduce the yield of Amon cabbage.
Caterpillars of cabbage whites affect all parts of the plant - leaves, stems, heads of cabbage
Despite the abundance of external enemies, the population of this pest is very large, and if you miss the moment, you can forget about a good harvest.
Fitoverm, Dendrobacillin and Baksin are an effective remedy against whiteness. In addition, plants should be regularly inspected for clutches of adult butterflies and destroyed in a timely manner.
Ammon cabbage has universal uses. It is consumed fresh in salads, boiled and stewed, in first and second courses and, of course, canned (sauerkraut).
Important! Gardeners note the fresh taste and aroma of Ammon cabbage even after long storage.
Ammon cabbage has high yields and good disease resistance. This culture has excellent taste characteristics and is distinguished by a high density of the head of cabbage. The shelf life of Ammon cabbage, subject to the conditions, can be up to 11-12 months.
Reviews about cabbage Ammon F1
Klimkin Pavel, 52 years old, Kursk
Ammon cabbage is just a gorgeous hybrid. Despite the late ripening period, this variety is one of the best. High yield, unpretentious care, no need for greenhouse cultivation - he has everything he needs. A separate plus I would like to note the excellent keeping quality of the fruit. Once even managed to save the heads of cabbage until September next year! I recommend everyone to buy seeds of this variety and try growing it - you will be satisfied.
Morozova Irina, 45 years old, Evpatoria
Our family is very fond of sauerkraut, and the best sauerkraut is obtained from late-ripening crispy varieties. Ammon is just that. This hybrid has unique flavors and can be stored for a long time, which makes it possible to get excellent dishes at any time of the year. This is not to say that growing Ammon cabbage is simple and hassle-free. Caring for the culture is quite specific, since you cannot leave the plant for a long period of time, you need to be around all the time. However, all the efforts are worth it. An additional plus to the taste of the hybrid is its yield, it is simply huge for Ammon - more than half a ton from a hundred square meters.