The apple tree is one of the most common horticultural crops. The number of varieties just rolls over, new ones are added every year. Experienced gardeners understand that new apple trees still have to be tested for compliance with the description and suitability for growing in a specific area. Therefore, they often give preference to old proven varieties that have already proven their excellent qualities. Among them is the apple tree Glory to the Winners.
90 years ago, the employees of the Mlievskaya Experimental Gardening Station, named after the famous Ukrainian breeder, pomologist L.P. Simirenko, L.M.Ro and P.E. This is how Glory to the Winners appeared. In Ukrainian, the name sounds like Glory to the Peremozhtsy. It is this that is present in the State Register of Breeding Achievements, where the apple variety was introduced in 1975. It was originally intended for cultivation in industrial gardens in the following regions:
- North Caucasian;
- Central Black Earth.
It is there that all the advantages of the variety are manifested as much as possible.
Gardeners quickly appreciated them and began to plant this apple tree in the Central Region.
Description of the variety and characteristics with a photo
Apples of the Slava Pobeditel variety ripen at different times, which depend on the growing region. In the south, it is summer or early autumn. Closer to the north, apples ripen much later.
Adult tree height
Older apple varieties often have great vigor. Glory to the Winners is no exception. Brown linear shoots are covered with small lenticels. The weakly geniculate structure of the reddish-brown shiny branches makes the crown structural. The height of an adult apple tree is directly dependent on the agronomic background and the planting site, it can reach 3.8 m. If all the necessary conditions for planting and care are not met, the tree will be lower.
Apples at Slava Peremozhtsam are elegant, large or medium (up to 150 g) oblong-rounded, often with a slight conical narrowing at the top. The shape of the fruit can be aligned or has subtle ribs.
When fully ripe, the apples are light green, but the main color is almost invisible under the blurred red blush that covers the fruit.
Important! The Apples of Glory to the Winners overripe very quickly. Collected at the stage of technical ripeness, they are not so elegant.
Apples have a slight waxy coating, and the entire surface is speckled with subcutaneous punctures. Some of them have a corky center. The peduncle is thin and not very long.
The narrow funnel does not have any organisms, it is smooth. The seed chambers are volumetric, elongated vertically. There are no more than 6 small brown seeds in them.
Important! Apples of the largest size and of excellent quality ripen in grassy orchards with sufficient moisture.
The productivity of this apple variety depends on the place where Glory to the Winners grows. Where there is enough moisture, up to 195 centners are harvested from each hectare of the garden. In drier regions, the harvest is less.
Attention! Glory to the Winners on a dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstock is suitable for compacted planting and gives up to 300 centners of apples per hectare.
If we talk about an individual tree, then the average yield that can be obtained from it is 72 kg; with good care, up to 120 kg of apples are already removed from a 10-year-old tree.
They will not hang on the branches for long after ripening, especially if the soil is not moist enough. In this case, the fruits fall off easily. The shelf life of apples depends on the region. In the south, they can lie for only 2 weeks, in the north of the Central Black Earth region - this is an apple variety of autumn ripening. Here apples are stored until December.
In the regions recommended for cultivation, the winter hardiness of Glory to the Winners is at a good level. In the central region, in severe winters, freezing of apple tree shoots can be observed.
Among the main diseases of the Glory of the Winners is scab, it is only slightly affected by it. In some years, the manifestation of other diseases is possible:
- fruit rot;
- powdery mildew;
- milky shine.
If you take preventive measures, diseases on the apple tree can be avoided.
At Slava Peremozhtsy, the shape of the crown depends on the age of the apple tree: at first it is wide-pyramidal, after a few years it becomes highly oval or takes on a rounded appearance. Skeletal branches with the trunk form an acute angle in the initial phase of growth, which must be taken into account when choosing a pruning method. Over time, the crown of the apple tree becomes spreading.
It is covered with slightly wrinkled light leaves that have a faint yellowish tint. In spring, the trees blaze with red buds, they open up to fragrant pink flowers, resembling the shape of a saucer. This makes the apple tree very decorative, as well as at the time of fruit ripening.
This apple tree is not self-fertile, which is inherent in the vast majority of old varieties. Therefore, there must be pollinators in the garden for the Glory of the Winners. The distance between them is no more than 40 m. Experienced gardeners specially attract bees to the garden, this increases the yield.
Best of all, Glory to the Winners is pollinated by Melba, Borovinka, Vadimovka, Antonovka. These varieties have the same flowering time.
Frequency of fruiting
It is inherent in most of the old varieties. Glory to the Winners does not have it in the first few years of fruiting: apples ripen annually. In the future, the size of the harvest fluctuates in different years.
Warning! The frequency of fruiting at Glory to the Winners is more pronounced with poor care.
Excellent dessert taste is the hallmark of Glory to the Winners. This variety became the basis for the creation of many other apple trees with equally tasty apples. The white, slightly creamy pulp is distinguished by its tenderness, juiciness, aroma. Its taste is sweet and sour, and this is understandable: when the sugar content is almost 11%, the acid in the granular pulp is less than 1%. The tasting score is high - 4.5 points.
Planting according to all the rules determines the whole future fate of the tree.
Site selection, pit preparation
To make the apple tree feel comfortable, the following conditions must be met:
- the spreading crown of the Glory of the Winners dictates the distance between the seedlings when planting 6 m;
- choose a well-lit place, there should be no prevailing winds;
- a good supply of moisture is very important for the Glory of the Persians, but the groundwater must be low;
- the mechanical composition of the soil is selected by light loam or sandy loam with a sufficient amount of organic matter.
Advice! It is not recommended to grow an apple tree on sandy soil Slava Winners, in extreme cases, they dig a hole with a diameter of half a meter larger and fill it well with nutrients with the addition of peat and clay for moisture capacity.
If the soil is clay, the apple tree is not planted in a hole, but in a loose mound of fertile soil.
The standard size of a planting pit for an apple tree is 80x80 cm. It should be prepared a month before planting.
In autumn, the apple tree should be planted a month before the onset of stable frosts. If the seedling was purchased later, it is better to dig it in, since it will not have time to take root. One or two-year-old apple trees are chosen for planting - they take root better. Landing Algorithm:
- we fill the dug hole with fertile soil by a third;
- we dig in a peg from the south side of the pit - we will tie an apple tree sapling to it;
- we install it, straightening the roots, and fill it with soil so that the root collar is not ruined.
Warning! The vaccination site should face south.
Lightly tamp the trunk circle, pour 1-2 buckets of water into it and mulch.
Important! In a one-year-old, we shorten the shoot by a third, if the apple tree sapling is two-year-old, we cut off not only the central shoot, but also the side branches.
When planting an apple tree in autumn, we add fertilizer - superphosphate and potassium salt (150 g each) to the trunk circle before mulching.
In the spring
You can plant an apple tree until the buds have blossomed. The planting algorithm is the same, but fertilizers are added to the upper third of the pit.
For Glory to the Winners, proper care is very important. Without it, the fruits become smaller and lose their quality.
Watering and feeding
The fact that a young apple tree needs to be watered after planting weekly until young growths appear is also known to novice gardeners. But the mature trees of Glory to the Winners also need moisture no less.
Important! With its lack, the fruits become smaller and crumble strongly.
During dry periods, an adult apple tree requires at least 7 buckets of water for each meter of the trunk circle.
Glory to the Winners is sensitive not only to soil moisture, but also to air. Therefore, if possible, equip irrigation with sprinkling.
- in the spring - complete mineral fertilization with the addition of nitrogen;
- in summer - complete mineral fertilization, but it must be applied no later than mid-July;
- in the fall - phosphorus-potassium fertilizing.
To bring nutrients closer to the roots of the apple tree, fertilizing is applied to a ditch 40 cm deep dug along the perimeter of the crown, filling it with fertile soil.
Preventive garden treatments in the spring are carried out to combat possible diseases and pests. For the first, copper-containing preparations are suitable - Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper sulfate, Hom, Topaz. From pests, tank mixtures of Aktara and Horus, Decis, Kinmiks are used. Spray over a green cone. After flowering, Celinone is most effective. This not only protects the apple tree from pests, but also from scab.
The overall crown of the apple tree Slava Peremozhtsy requires constant formation, thinning and lightening of the crown. More information about this can be seen in the video and on the diagram.
Shelter for the winter, protection from rodents
Where Glory to the Winners is zoned, she does not need shelter for the winter. In the Central regions, it will be useful to insulate the root zone by additional mulching with peat or humus with a layer of up to 15 cm. A young apple tree seedling can be wrapped in spunbond. But protection from rodents is a must. The easiest way to do this is using a special mesh, wrapping the apple tree trunk. Poisoned baits are spread around it.
Advice! Rodents do not like the smell of kerosene, so a rag moistened with it will scare away animals.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like any apple tree, Glory to the Winners has its advantages and disadvantages. Let's display them in the table.
Poor drought tolerance
Rapid shedding of fruits
Sufficient winter hardiness
Tall - apples are inconvenient to pick
Density of the crown
Prevention and protection against diseases and pests
Prevention of apple diseases begins in early spring, it has already been described above. Diseases affecting the apple tree:
The main pests of the apple tree:
The apple tree Glory to the Winners is a good variety that can be planted both in your own and in an industrial garden. The dessert taste of his apples will not leave anyone indifferent, as evidenced by consumer reviews.
Igor Lugin, 40 years old, Bryansk
I inherited a house in a village with a large garden. The apple trees were old. The first year I decided to see what kind of fruits they will have, what to part with, and whose crown to rejuvenate by pruning. When the garden bloomed, one apple tree with red buds and beautiful pink flowers attracted attention. I was looking forward to the fruits. They ripened in September and turned out to be surprisingly tasty and very elegant. According to the catalog, he determined that this is Glory to the Winners. In the spring I made a rejuvenating pruning of an apple tree and for several years now I have been enjoying the dessert taste of wonderful fruits.
Anna Sergunina, 28 years old, Lebedyan
We have a large garden outside the city, many fruit trees, among them apple trees. The assortment of seedlings was selected with great analysis. Among the promising new varieties, there are several old, time-tested ones. One of them is Glory to the Winners. The powerful tree gives us a lot of delicious apples almost every year. We store some of them in the refrigerator until December, and the rest goes for processing. The taste is amazing, everyone likes it.