Among all vegetables, carrots are the most demanded. The preparation of the first and second courses, as well as fresh juices, baby food, etc., is rarely complete without it. But a simple, at first glance, root vegetable is not quite easy to grow. Carrots love medium loamy and sandy loam soil, and they should be loose and not covered with a crust. Today we will look at the best varieties of carrots for open ground, and also learn a few secrets of proper vegetable cultivation.
A few secrets to getting a good harvest
Even the best varieties of seed on hand will not yield the desired harvest if improperly planted. When choosing a sowing time, you need to know that there are seeds that are planted in late autumn before winter. This allows you to get an early harvest by the end of spring. However, such root vegetables are not subject to long-term storage.
To get a harvest closer to autumn, which can be stored throughout the winter, it is better to sow the appropriate varieties at the end of April. When planting, you need to make sure that the ground has warmed up well enough, at least to +8aboutC, and also passed the period of night frosts.
Advice! The winters of recent years are so unpredictable that they can destroy most of the winter crops. To grow early carrots, it is better to sow the seeds of hybrids in the spring and after 70 days feast on a sweet vegetable.
There are several important rules that are the key to a good harvest:
- A garden with growing carrots should be exposed to sunlight as best as possible. In shady areas, the yield will be weak.
- On the packaging of seeds of some varieties, you can see an inscription that the root crop does not crack with abundant watering. Even if this is true, excess moisture will not be beneficial. The coarse flesh of the carrot will become fodder.
- The vegetable is very fond of the weak acidity of the soil. The lower this figure, the sweeter the pulp.
- Before sowing seeds, the soil of an open bed must be well fertilized with manure. Loamy soil must be loosened with sawdust.
Adhering to at least these simple rules, it will turn out to grow a good harvest of carrots outdoors.
The video tells how to plant carrots in open ground with seeds:
Review of the best varieties of different ripening periods
Now is the time to choose the seeds of the best varieties of carrots for open ground, which we will now do, breaking them down by ripening periods.
Vegetables of the early ripening period, in relation to late-ripening root crops, have a lower sugar content, such varieties bring a lower yield and are not suitable for winter storage. However, early varieties have one advantage, two and a half months after sowing the seeds, their fresh carrots will grow in the garden.
A ripe crop can be harvested after 3 months. Delicious pulp contains a lot of carotene. The shape of the root vegetable resembles an elongated cylinder 20 cm long. The skin is smooth, the color of the pulp is more prone to red. The variety is considered to be high yielding. Carrots do not crack, the aboveground and underground parts are resistant to diseases. The vegetable is acclimatized to any weather conditions, which allows it to be grown even in the Urals.
The birth of this hybrid was made possible thanks to the work of Siberian breeders. A mature crop can be obtained about 3 months after seed germination. Carrots grow large, 20 cm long and weighing about 200 g. Despite the fact that the pulp is very dense, it is very tasty and juicy. The root crop has the property of being well preserved in the basement.
The long-known and popular domestic variety yields a harvest in about 80 days, but different growing conditions can extend this period to 10 days. Carrots grow medium-sized, up to 14 cm long. The pulp contains a high percentage of carotene. The orange-colored cylindrical root vegetable has a rounded tip. The mass of a mature vegetable is about 160 g. The harvested crop is subject to short storage. Carrots are adapted to any climatic conditions.
Important! Carrots contain many nutrients in their pulp. The vegetable is suitable for preparing diet food.
This variety allows a very early harvest as early as 65 days after germination. Cylindrical carrots extend to a maximum length of 12 cm. The pulp with a juicy core contains a lot of sugar and carotene. Carrots are great for juicing, mashed potatoes, and other fresh foods.
Video about the right choice of varieties:
The carrots of these varieties are characterized by all the best features of early and late ripening root crops. Such a crop goes well for storage. Ripening of carrots occurs approximately 105–120 days after seed germination.
Surprisingly, the longer the carrots are stored in the basement, the more they accumulate carotene and vitamins. A cylindrical vegetable with a rounded tip has a delicate pulp, highly saturated with juice. Carrots are suitable for winter crops. The root crop does not like sandy and clay soils, and if there is a lack of moisture, it requires abundant watering. A ripe crop is considered 100 days after seed germination.
A very high-yielding variety produces a mature crop no earlier than 120 days after germination. Carrots are about 19 cm long and have a smooth skin. The dignity of the variety lies in high-quality seed material. Grains germinate well on loamy soils and chernozems. The vegetable is great for fresh juices and purees.
After the first shoots appear, the crop is considered mature after 100 days. Cylindrical slightly elongated carrots with a rounded tip grow up to 19 cm long. The weight of the vegetable is about 165 g. The root crop is completely submerged in the ground, which does not give the skin greening. The harvested crop is excellent for long-term storage.
In terms of yield, this carrot occupies a leading place, bringing at least 7 kg / m2 root crops. You can harvest the crop 100 days after the friendly shoots. The vegetable is perfectly adapted to the climate of all regions. Carrots have the shape of an elongated cylinder with a rounded end, grow 14 cm long. The flesh is very tender, strongly saturated with juice. The weight of the vegetable is about 100 g. Root crops can be stored in the basement until the next harvest.
Carrots are more adapted for the Central region. Ripening of the crop occurs 110 days after the amicable sprouting. In shape, the vegetable resembles an elongated cylinder with a sharp end. The pulp is very sweet. The mass of one root crop is about 150 g. The crop lends itself well to long-term storage. The purpose of carrots is universal.
Ripening time ranges from 110 to 130 days after seed germination. Root vegetables can be stored for a long time and at the same time retain all vitamins.
The variety of the German selection brings the harvest 110 days after the friendly shoots. Cone-shaped carrots grow up to a maximum length of 24 cm. The color of the flesh and the core are red. The root crop weighs about 100 g. The yield indicator is 3.7 kg / m2... Carrots are perfectly stored for a long time without loss of taste.
This variety can be attributed to the mid-late ripening period. It is advisable to start harvesting 4 months after germination. Carrots reach a maximum length of 22 cm. The reddish pulp is highly saturated with sweet juice. Seeds of this variety can be sown before winter. The yield is very high up to 9 kg / m2.
Harvesting is possible 130 days after seed germination. Carrots grow up to a maximum length of 17 cm and a weight of about 200 g. The vegetable is perfectly stored throughout the winter until a new crop appears. Carrot seeds can be sown for the winter.
The late variety allows you to harvest about 130 days after germination. Carrots grow very large, with a maximum length of 30 cm. Fruits are considered to be of universal purpose, they are perfectly stored, and are suitable for preparing many dishes.
The late ripening variety brings root crops no earlier than 130 days after germination. Seed material is very sensitive to the soil, so loose, fertile soil is optimal for good yields. Timely watering is very important. Carrots are perfectly stored for a long time without loss of taste.
Varieties that bring multicolored carrots
Traditionally, everyone is used to seeing orange carrots. As a last resort, darker, lighter, and reddish shades are encouraged. However, this vegetable is not limited to just such flowers and can be yellow and even purple. This should be taken into account when buying seeds and see the description on the package.
In general, the amount of carotene is determined by the brightness of the carrot pulp. The brighter the carrot, the higher the content of this substance. And it is the orange color that is responsible for the presence of carotene in the pulp. There is another useful substance - anthocyanin, which protects the human body from cancer. His presence is indicated by the purple color of carrots. White carrots do not contain any pigments, but they are good for the gastrointestinal tract.
Varieties that bring multicolored roots are not very popular among domestic gardeners. If they are grown, then in small quantities. The rainbow mix variety and the Rainbow F1 hybrid bring multicolored roots. Purple carrots can be obtained from the appropriately named "Purple" variety.
Our review, of course, severely limits the variety of varieties. There are a huge number of them, the main thing is to choose the right seeds that are suitable for the climate of a particular region and follow the agricultural technology of cultivation.