Derain variegated with its appearance is able to attract at any time of the year. In the summer, the bush is covered with a hat of bright leaves; in winter, the colorful branches attract the eye. Derain is increasingly used in landscape design: as a living fence, they decorate gardens and alleys. Many are inclined to assume that this name was derived from the rather tough wood.
Description of variegated sower
Derain grows in Siberian, Far Eastern and Asian forests. This shrub belongs to the dogwood family, in height Variegated Derain can reach up to 3 m.
The bush has a large number of straight branches that form a spreading crown, Derain itself is strong, has a brown-red tint. Since there are a large number of varieties, you can find small shrubs, the height of which does not exceed 1.5 m.
The leaves are large, green in color, along the edge there is a border, which comes in 2 colors - white, yellow. Inflorescences are snow-white, up to 6 cm in diameter. Flowering can be observed twice a year. The fruits that appear in the fall are inedible and blue in color.
A distinctive feature is resistance to low temperature conditions, unpretentious care, which allows using Derain even in the Northern regions.
Derain variegated in landscape design
Thanks to the wide variety of varieties, you can create a wonderful decoration for your homestead. Typically, the shrub is used to create a hedge, giving it a variety of shapes. Derain looks great next to juniper and barberry. Looks impressive with small flowering shrubs.
With the help of Derain, they carry out zoning of territories. The shrub can be planted not only in groups, but also individually. For example, if you plant this plant on the lawn, then a tall bush can become a kind of landmark.
Attention! If necessary, you can see a photo of how the variegated Derain shrub fits into the landscape design.
Varieties of variegated deren
Derain includes a wide variety of varieties. It is impossible to say that there are a lot of existing species, but despite this, every gardener, even the most whimsical, will be able to choose exactly what he wants for himself. A distinctive feature of all types is unpretentious care and attractive appearance. Most often, a hedge is made from Derain variegated, giving decorativeness in various forms.
This variety is considered the most common; it can be found more often than others in garden plots. This type is ideal for single plantings. As a rule, the height of the bush reaches 2.5 m. Shoots are straight, coral in color. The leaves have pointed tips, while they are slightly concave along the central vein. Mainly there is a green color with a bluish tint. The border on the leaves is small, sometimes white and light green. During the flowering period, flowers appear in delicate pink tones.
The shrubs of this variety are medium in size, reaching a height of up to 1.5 m, but most often up to 1.2 m. The branches are bright enough, saturated scarlet color. The leaves are elongated, flat, light green. There is a white border around the edge. In the autumn, the colors become more saturated, purple, with a purple tint. The flowers are green, the fruits are blue, and there is a bloom of wax on them.
Gouchaultii is quite massive and at the same time squat. The height of the bush reaches up to 1.5 m. Shoots are very flexible, long, dark scarlet in color. The border on the leaves is wide, while uneven, lemon shade. If you plant this species in a sunny place, then the foliage will cast pink. During the flowering period, yellow flowers appear, which are replaced by blue fruits.
Ivory Halo is a novelty recently introduced by breeders. The bush grows up to 1.5 m in height. If the crown is not trimmed, then over time it will become the correct spherical shape. The foliage is light green with an ivory border. The young bark is deep red, gradually becoming a brick shade.
The height of the bush reaches 2 m. Initially, the leaves are brick-colored, over time they turn yellow. This variety has the widest leaves, rounded, matte. In autumn, a red tint appears, but the color itself does not change. If you grow the shrub in a sunny place, then a brown border appears on the leaves. The level of frost resistance is much lower than that of other species.
How to plant variegated dogwood
Planting and caring for Derain is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. In order for an attractive ornamental shrub to grow, which will delight with its appearance for many years, you will need:
- choose the right place for landing;
- pre-prepare the soil;
- choose suitable seedlings for planting.
If you grow the plant in partial shade, with a minimum amount of moisture, then the leaves will lose their brightness. In turn, excess moisture leads to rotting of the root system. If necessary, you can look at the photo of planting, leaving and pruning Derain variegated.
Before planting a plant in open ground, it is necessary to prepare a planting site in advance. Pre-select a suitable place where the shrub will grow, remove existing weeds, add fertilizer to the soil. If the place is swampy or there is groundwater near the site, then you need to take care of drainage.
Derain grows well in sandy or sandy loam soil, with good water permeability. It is best to use acidified soil with a little lime. Fertile moist soils are of particular importance.
Preparation of planting material
Experienced gardeners recommend using seedlings that were grown from cuttings as planting material. This is due to the fact that such planting material retains all the properties and characteristics of the mother bush.
It is necessary to choose healthy seedlings that are free of damage, the foliage has a bright saturated color, and Derain is no more than 4 years old.
Advice! If the bush has a windy root system, then it is necessary to place the shoot in a container filled with water and leave it for several hours.
Planting variegated deren
Derain variegated planting is carried out in the fall. The work algorithm is as follows:
- From the place where the bush will grow in the future, it is necessary to remove the top layer.
- The removed soil is mixed in equal proportions with sand and humus.
- After that, you need to add fertilizers, which are produced in granules. For 1 sq. m takes 100 g of the drug.
- In order for the shrub to have a lot of free space for growth, it is necessary to make large pits. In the event that the soil is swampy, you will need to place broken building bricks or stones of the middle fraction on the bottom.
- Prepared soil with sand and humus is poured into the bottom of the pit.
- Pour in about 6 liters of water.
- The roots are gently spread along the bottom of the pit.
- Top covered with the remaining earth. The root collar must be flush with the soil surface. If the root collar is too high, then the shrub will give a large number of weak shoots, which will lead to death.
For group planting, the distance between the bushes should be 1.5 m, if the planting is single, then a support will be required.
Attention! Immediately after planting, the soil should be tamped, the surface is mulched.
How to care for variegated dogwood
Caring for Variegated Derain consists in timely watering, pruning and fertilizing for growth. Top dressing is applied annually, 2 times. In the spring, mineral complexes are used as fertilizer, in the summer there is enough humus, which allows the near-stem part not to dry out.
Despite the fact that Variegated Derain perfectly tolerates low temperature conditions, young bushes must be covered for the winter, as they may die. The most problematic of all is to cover the green hedge.
Since pests do not prefer these plants, they can be seen extremely rarely. As a preventive measure, treatment with soapy water can be carried out.
Watering and feeding
Green-yellow Variegated Derain needs proper planting and maintenance. Do not forget about timely watering and fertilization. Young shrubs need to be watered daily with a little water. During drought, adult plants are watered twice a week. As a rule, each bush takes up to 20 liters of water. When the soil is wet, the amount of watering is reduced.
An adult Derain needs annual fertilization - they do it 2 times. The first feeding falls on the spring (April), for this they use mineral fertilizers, about 200 g per bush. In the summer, in August, organic fertilizers are taken; chicken manure or compost in the amount of 5 g per bush is suitable for these purposes.
In order for Derain to grow quickly in the first year, it will be necessary to apply complex fertilizers quite often. Root and foliar dressings alternate at the same time. To give a bright color and achieve abundant flowering, rotted leaves are poured to the roots.
Pruning variegated turf
Derain fell in love with landscape designers, as a result of which it is used in decoration as a central figure. Due to its attractive appearance, it can fit into any ensemble.
This shrub can be cut, thereby giving it any shape. Pruning should be done several times throughout the year. First of all, dry and old branches are removed, after which they proceed to cutting off excess growth and stems sticking out in different directions. If necessary, you can completely cut the bush, after a while the formation of new shoots and shoots will begin.
If you use Derain to decorate arches and fences, then they can be shaped like arcs and columns. To prevent the plant from growing, it is necessary to remove unnecessary shoots in a timely manner.
Advice! Pruning Derain variegated should be done in spring and summer.
Preparing for winter
Derain variegated, growing in the garden, needs special winter preparation. As a rule, young cuttings are left for the winter in a greenhouse, using temporary soil for this. It is not necessary to cover adult plants; they tolerate low temperatures very well.
In the fall, the amount of watering is reduced. Closer to winter, the shrub sheds foliage, which allows it to survive the cold season. If the plant has already been planted in open ground, then it should be covered with dry leaves, sawdust, and rags. With the onset of heat, the shelter is removed.
How to form variegated dogwood
Derain variegated haircut is carried out several times throughout the year - at the beginning and at the end of summer. If Derain is not cut off in time, then the lower branches begin to gradually become bare, which only spoils the appearance. It is necessary to constantly monitor the formation of branches on which solid leaves appear. Such branches should be removed immediately.
Formative pruning is used when the plant is used as a hedge. This is necessary in order to preserve the original form. Also, do not forget about sanitary pruning, during which damaged, sick and old parts are removed.
Important! It is not recommended to engage in the formation of bushes in the winter.
How to propagate variegated dogwood
Many gardeners prefer vegetative propagation. This choice is due to the preservation of the properties and characteristics of the mother plant, while the bush can be formed in several years.
For propagation by cuttings, planting material is harvested from adult bushes, cutting off the shoots, and then rooting them. Most of the time is spent growing from seeds.
Reproduction of variegated turf by cuttings
Variegated Derain is propagated by cuttings in the fall. For planting, it is worth choosing last year's branches that bend well and have already matured wood. Green growths are previously removed, leaving only strong shoots.
On the cut cuttings, there must be 3 pairs of buds. The lower foliage is completely removed. In order for the planting material to take root, it is placed in water, after which Derain can be moved to the greenhouse before the onset of heat, when the shrub will be planted in open ground.
By dividing the bush
Derain can also multiply by dividing an adult bush. For these purposes, strong and healthy plants are chosen. You will first need to dig them up and carefully use a shovel to divide the rhizome into several parts.
This procedure looks like this:
- Dig out a bush.
- Shake off the ground from the roots.
- Using a sharp knife or shovel, divide the root part in half.
- Each part is buried separately.
Before planting Derain, you need to put fertilizer on the bottom of the hole.
Another breeding method is rooting by layers. Due to the fact that the branches grow fast enough and tend to the ground, they can be easily rooted. In spring, the branches closest to the ground are buried in the ground and securely fixed. A year later, such a seedling can be safely dug up and transplanted to another place. Derain will take good roots in 6 months.
After the flowering period is over, clusters with fruits appear on Derain variegated, inside which there are seeds. Flowering occurs between May and June. In autumn, the accumulated seeds are carefully collected and sown until the first frost occurs.
If the seed is planted in spring, then it must be placed in a cool place for 6 months at a temperature not higher than + 5 ° C. Hardened seeds have a much higher germination rate.
Advice! Seed propagation is used only by breeders who set themselves the goal of obtaining Derain from natural material.
How to root variegated dogwood
In the case when cuttings are chosen as propagation, the planting material must be rooted before being planted in open ground. First of all, after planting material has been cut from an adult Derain bush, it is necessary to place the cuttings in cold water. Thus, the first roots will begin to appear. To speed up the process, many gardeners recommend using special means - rooters, with their help they process the root system, after which the Variegated Derain is planted in open ground.
Attention! Pruning Derain variegated must be done in autumn; it is not recommended to form a bush in winter.
Why do the leaves of the variegated deer turn black and dry
Very often, gardeners are faced with a problem when the leaves of Derain variegated begin to dry out and become covered with black dots. These symptoms indicate that the bush has undergone a fungal disease. To combat rot, the following drugs are used:
It is recommended to reduce the number of waterings during processing. Also, black spots on the leaves appear when Derain variegated is watered with cold water.
Diseases of variegated turf
The Derain variegated shrub is classified as a problem-free plant. This is due to the fact that it is quite difficult to ruin it. Most often, Derain is attacked by root rot, but it should be borne in mind that the appearance of this disease is personally allowed by the gardener.Root rot appears if the shrub is watered often and a lot.
The second common problem is loss of leaf tone. This phenomenon is associated with a moisture deficit, usually during a drought. If you water the plant several times, then everything will return to normal.
Pests of variegated turf
As practice shows, pests practically do not pay attention to Derain. The only pest that can be encountered is aphids. Getting rid of aphids is quite simple:
- The shrub is sprayed with soapy water.
- Leave in this form for 30-40 minutes.
- Then the solution is washed off with water from a hose.
If necessary, this procedure can be repeated after 7 hours. If the invasion of aphids is massive, then it is worth using insecticides.
Variegated dogwood is an unpretentious type of shrub that tolerates low temperature conditions very well, as a result of which it can be planted even in Siberia. Attractive appearance, decorativeness, ease of maintenance - all this contributes to the fact that Derain is used in landscape design. The shrub can grow alone, in composition with other plants, with its help you can create a hedge, giving it any shape.