- 1 Feature
- 2 Varieties of cluster tomatoes
- 2.1 "Ivan Kupala", Siberian Garden
- 2.2 "Banana red", Gavrish
- 2.3 "Banana", Ural summer resident
- 2.4 "Grape", Elite Variety
- 2.5 Fahrenheit Blues, USA
- 2.6 "Intuition F1", Gavrish
- 2.7 "Instinct F1"
- 2.8 "La la fa F1", Gavrish
- 2.9 Liana F1, Gavrish
- 2.10 "Honey Drop", Gavrish
- 2.11 Midas F1 Sedek
- 2.12 "Mikolka", NK Elite
- 2.13 Niagara, Agros
- 2.14 "Pepper F1", Russian Vegetable Garden
- 2.15 "Pertsovka", Siberian Garden
- 2.16 "Full, full of F1", Aelita
- 2.17 Rio Grande F1, Griffaton
- 2.18 Roma Sedek
- 2.19 "Sapporo F1", Gavrish
- 3 Conclusion
The most difficult process in tomato production is harvesting. To collect the fruits, manual labor is required; it is impossible to replace it with mechanics. To reduce the costs of large growers, varieties of cluster tomatoes have been created. The use of these varieties has reduced costs by 5-7 times.
Despite the fact that the carp varieties of tomatoes were originally created for large agricultural farms, they also fell in love with many summer residents.
Clustered tomatoes differ from ordinary ones in that the fruits in the brush ripen at the same time, significantly speeding up the harvest for gardeners. Within the group, tomato varieties are divided into the following subgroups:
- Large-fruited varieties, brush weight up to 1 kg;
- Medium, brush weight up to 600 g;
- Small, brush weight does not exceed 300 grams.
The best varieties of cluster tomatoes are highly resistant to fusarium disease. The skin of the fruits of carpal tomatoes is very durable, such tomatoes do not crack, have excellent keeping quality and transportability. In a tomato bunch, 5 to 20 fruits ripen at the same time.
Bushes of bristle varieties of tomatoes grown in the open field are suitable for decorating a plot, the photo shows the beauty of these plants.
Important! When choosing seeds of Dutch or Japanese selection for planting in open ground, you need to make sure that their characteristics include resistance to adverse weather factors.
Most of the foreign varieties are designed for cultivation in protected conditions.
Varieties of cluster tomatoes
Clustered tomatoes are very popular, which is why growers have created many varieties. Fruits can be very small, which is typical for varieties like "Cherry", and very large, this is typical for varieties of beef tomatoes. The color of the ripe fruit is also varied, there are red, pink, yellow, black, green tomatoes with a marble pattern.
Some varieties of open-field bristle tomatoes have exceptional yields. One bush can produce up to 20 kg of selected fruits of high commercial quality. But, when planting such varieties, it must be borne in mind that the declared yield was obtained using the highest level of agricultural technology. Any errors in the care will reduce the productivity of the tomatoes.
All varieties of cluster tomatoes are grown through seedlings. Plants are planted in open ground, at the age of 50-60 days, when the weather will be stably warm.
Clustered tomatoes do not tolerate cold. A short-term drop in air temperature to 5 degrees can reduce the productivity of the plant by 20%. At subzero temperatures, the plant dies. Sometimes, after exposure to cold, only the leaves die, the stem remains alive. In this case, the plant will grow further, but it will not give a good harvest.
Advice! Small varieties of cluster tomatoes have a sweet taste, without sourness. Such tomatoes are very fond of children.
To improve children's immunity and replenish the supply of vitamin C in the body, it is enough to eat about 300 grams of tomatoes daily.
"Ivan Kupala", Siberian Garden
Brush variety, intended for open ground. Tomatoes are red-raspberry, pear-shaped, weight up to 140 gr. Suitable for all types of culinary processing.
- Resistant to heat.
The height of the bushes is not more than 150 cm. Demanding on sunlight, it is necessary to remove excess leaves in order to accelerate the ripening of tomatoes. The variety is distinguished by its compactness and good taste.
"Banana red", Gavrish
Carp tomato, developed for outdoor cultivation. Tomato fruits are red, elongated, up to 12 cm long, the weight of one tomato is up to 100 g.
- Average height;
- Resistant to many fungal diseases;
- Requires compulsory garter;
- The fruits are good keeping quality;
- Productivity - up to 2.8 kg per bush.
The stem height can reach 1.2 meters, the variety requires pinching and pinching. They tolerate long-term transportation well.
"Banana", Ural summer resident
Carp tomato, suitable for growing in greenhouses and open field. Pepper tomato, red, excellent taste, the weight of one tomato is up to 120 gr.
- Requires shaping and garters;
- Fruits are resistant to cracking.
Indoors, the height of the plant can be up to 1.5 meters, it is imperative to form and pinch a tomato of this variety.
The variety of cluster tomatoes is suitable for growing in open ground and film shelters. The tomato is small, red.
- Requires a garter and bush formation;
- Differs in high decorativeness;
- The brush is long, has up to 30 fruits.
A tomato bush of this variety has a height of about 1.5 meters, if not pinched, it can grow up to 2 meters or more. The fruits have an excellent tomato flavor and are suitable for all types of culinary processing.
Fahrenheit Blues, USA
A variety of cluster tomatoes produced for growing in temporary shelters and open field. Ripe fruits of this variety are marbled in color, with red and purple hues. Tomatoes of this variety have a good taste, they are suitable for salads, preservation, decorating ready-made dishes. It is not used for making tomato paste due to the peculiarity of its color.
- Resistant to fungal diseases;
- Does not crack;
- Possesses high decorative effect.
The bush has a height of about 1.7 meters, without pinching it can grow up to 2.5. 3 plants are placed on one square meter.
"Intuition F1", Gavrish
Clustered tomato variety. Grown in open ground, greenhouses, temporary shelters. The fruits are red, round, even. Weight 90-100 gr. Up to 6 tomatoes ripen in one brush. They have excellent taste.
- Early maturing;
- Resistant to weather factors;
- Resistant to many tomato diseases.
The height of the bush reaches 1.9 meters, it requires the formation of 2 stems, the removal of stepsons.
Reflex F1, Gavrish
Carpal tomato. The fruits are large, collected in a brush, which can contain up to 8 pieces. Tomato mass - 110 gr. The tomatoes are red and round in shape.
- Does not form barren flowers;
- The fruits are suitable for long-term storage.
The height of the bush can reach 2.5 meters, it is desirable to form in 2, maximum 4 branches. Productivity - up to 4 kg per bush.
Fruits are medium, red, round, weight - about 100 gr. Tomatoes ripe on the bush have very tasty, the most pleasant taste.
- Shade resistant;
- Requires a garter.
The height of a bush without adjustment can reach 2 or more meters, it is necessary to form a bush. Requires a high level of agricultural technology.
La la fa F1, Gavrish
Fruits are dark red, flat-round, weighing up to 120 grams. They have fleshy flesh, dense skin. Can be used to make tomato paste and marinate whole tomatoes.
- Resistant to tomato diseases;
Stem height 1.5-1.6 meters, requires support. If stepchildren and extra leaves are removed in time, 4 plants can be placed on one square meter.
"Liana F1", Gavrish
Carpal variety of tomatoes. Tomatoes have excellent taste, slightly sourness. Fruits weighing up to 130 grams, red, round. They have excellent transportability.
- Requires support;
- Top rot resistant;
- Does not crack.
Length up to 1.6 meters. It is necessary to regularly make complex dressings, in conditions of a deficiency of nutrients, tomatoes become smaller.
"Honey Drop", Gavrish
Carpal tomato. Dessert taste, very sweet. They have excellent keeping quality. Tomatoes are small, yellow, weighing up to 15 grams. The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped.
- Demanding on sunlight;
- Fusarium resistant.
The bush can reach 2 meters, requires pinching. The variety is picky about the composition of the soil, it bears poorly on heavy, clayey soils. Does not tolerate high acidity of the soil.
Is a variety, not a hybrid, you can harvest your own seeds.
Midas F1, Zedek
Carp tomato. The fruits are orange, elongated. Weight - up to 100 gr. The taste is sweet and sour. Can be stored for a long time. They are high in sugars and carotene.
- Fusarium resistant;
- Differs in long-term fruiting;
Bushes taller than 2 meters, medium leafy, must be grown on a trellis. No more than 3 plants can be placed per square meter of soil.
Mikolka, NK Elite
Brush-type tomato. Fruits are red, elongated, weighing up to 90 grams. They have an excellent presentation, due to the dense skin they do not crack during whole-fruit canning.
- Does not require a tie to the supports;
- Resistant to late blight.
Bush up to 60 cm high. Productivity up to 4, 6 kg. It does not require compulsory pinching, but if you remove excess shoots, the yield increases. You can collect seeds for sowing next season.
Bristle tomato. The fruits are elongated, red. Weight - up to 120 gr. In a brush up to 10 pieces. The taste is sweet and sour. Suitable for fresh consumption and conservation.
- Medium early;
- Top rot resistant.
The bush is high, it is advisable to pinch the top. It has an average foliage, 5-6 plants can be planted per square meter. Requires regular fertilization. Productivity from 13 to 15 kg per bush.
"Pepper F1", Russian Vegetable Garden
Clustered tomato variety. Suitable for preserving whole fruits, preparing tomatoes, salads. Tomatoes are red, plum-shaped, weighing up to 100 gr. Contains a small amount of seeds. There are 6 to 10 ovaries in a cluster. They have good transportability.
Productivity is not less than 10 kg from one bush. The stem is high, not less than 2.2 meters. Requires cultivation on trellises or a garter to a support.
"Pertsovka", Siberian Garden
Fruits are elongated, red, weighing up to 100 grams. They are distinguished by high taste. The harvested crop can be stored for a long time.
- Does not require support;
- Resistant to most tomato diseases.
The bush is small, compact, up to 60 cm high. If you follow all the rules for growing tomatoes, you can get up to 5 kg per bush.
"Full of F1", Aelita
Carpal tomato. Fruits are round, red, weighing up to 90 grams. The brush is long, contains up to 12 ovaries. Used for all types of preservation.
- Medium late;
- Requires a garter for trellis.
The height of the bush is up to 120 cm, preferably grown on trellises. Demanding on lighting. Productivity 13 - 15 kg per bush.
Rio Grande F1, Griffaton
Fleshy, red, plum tomatoes. The weight of one tomato is up to 115 gr. There are up to 10 ovaries in a cluster. Suitable for the preparation of fresh and canned salads, whole-fruit canning. Do not deform during transportation.
Plant height up to 60 cm. Demanding on the composition of the soil. The yield can reach 4.8 kg per bush. Up to 6 tomatoes can be placed on one square meter, if excess leaves are removed in a timely manner, in order to increase the access of sunlight to the fruits.
The fruits are red, oval, weighing about 80 grams. Ripe tomatoes are stored for a long time both in a brush and separately. Perfect for long-term transportation.
- Highly productive;
The bush is about 50 cm high. No support is required. Up to 4.3 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. It tolerates short-term drought well. Does not tolerate prolonged waterlogging of the root system.
"Sapporo F1", Gavrish
Fruits are red, small, weighing up to 20 grams. The brush contains up to 20 tomatoes. Suitable for all types of processing. Excellent transportability.
- Early maturing;
- Highly decorative.
Productivity - about 3.5 kg. The tomato has long branches, it is imperative to remove excess shoots. Untied plants are easily affected by fungal diseases.
Clustered tomatoes are great for experimenting with new varieties. In addition to high yields, they are distinguished by a decorative appearance that can give real pleasure.